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Full text of "A series of picturesque views of seats of the noblemen and gentlemen of Great Britain and Ireland. With descriptive and historical letterpress"

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SERIES OF 




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GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND. 




VOL. VI. 



L O N D O N : 



WILLIAM MACKENZIE, 69. LLDGATK II 
EDINBURGH AND DUBLIN. 



A SERIES OF 



PICTURESQUE VIEWS OF 



SEATS 



OF 



THE NOBLEMEiV AND GENTLEMEN 



OK 



GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND. 



WITH DESCRIPTIVE AND HISTORICAL LETTERPRESS. 



THE REV. F. O. MORRIS, B.A., 

AIITHOH OF A "HISTORY OF BRITISH BIR1IS," DEDICATE!! BY PERMISSION TO HER MOST GRACIOUS MAJESTY THE yllKFN. 



VOL. VI. 



LONDON: 
WILLIAM MACKENZIE, 69, LUDGATE HILL. 

EDINBURGH AND DUBLIN. 



PICTUEESQUE VIEWS OF SEATS. 



BAGSHOT PARK, 

SURREY, NEAR WINDSOR, BERKSHIRE. A ROYAL RESIDENCE. 

HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE DUKE OP CONNAUOHT. 



"To see olden buildings, castles, the houses of an ancient aristocracy, and 
monasteries, we must visit the land of our fathers." 

The present, as the previous volumes of this work, will show, in some degree, 
and I hope with effect, the truth of the remark of an American writer, which I 
have quoted before, for the examples I have so far been able to give of the 
"County Seats" of the noblemen and gentlemen of the United Kingdom, are not 
only not a tithe, but literally not a hundredth part of those which adorn our 
well-loved and grand old country from end to end, from north to south, and from 
east to west. 

Bagshot Park has been a Royal demesne since the reign of King Henry the 
Eighth, and a frequent and favourite resort from time to time of various members 
of the Royal family. 

His Royal Highness Prince Arthur William Patrick Albert Guelph, the third sou 
of Her Majesty Queen Victoria, Duke of Connaught, Duke of Strathearn, and Earl 
of Sussex in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, Prince of the United Kingdom, 
Duke of Saxony, Prince of Saxe Coburg and Gotha, K.G., K.T., K.P., G.C.S.I., 
G.O.M.G., a Member of Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, Major in 
the Seventh Hussars, and afterwards Lieutenant-Colonel of the First Battalion Rifle 
Brigade, Honorary Colonel of the London Irish Rifle Volunteers, Honorary Colonel 
of the Isle of Wight Artillery Militia, Military Aide-de-Camp to the Queen, Ranger 

VI. 7) 



2 BAGSHOT PARK. 

Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia, G.C.B. 



BRANCEPETH CASTLE, 

NEAR DURHAM, DURHAM. VISCOUNT BOYNE. 



BRANCEPETH was anciently a seat of the great and potent house of Nevill, Earls of 
Westmoreland, than which there is no other more eminent, nor any so eminent, in 
the whole range of British aristocracy. 

The old castle had been built by the family of Bulmer before the Norman Con- 
quest, and was strongly fortified with towers, and defended by a moat. Part of the 
original building still remains, and among other fine rooms the "Barons' hall," which 
in the year 1821 was ornamented with stained glass windows, the west one repre- 
senting views of the memorable battle of Neville's Cross. The greater portion, 
however, was taken down by Matthew Russell, Esq., and the present noble structure 
erected on its site. It stands a little to the south of the village of the name. The 
Church is beautifully embowered in foliage. A stream, called the Hockley, runs 
through the park and falls into the Wear. 



This is a branch of. the ducal house of Hamilton, of which His Grace the Duke 
of Abercorn is the head. It springs from 

THE EARL OF ARRAN (second of the title), Regent of Scotland, father of 
LORD CLAUD HAMILTON, create BARON PAISLEY in 1535. His youngest son, 
SIR FREDERICK HAMILTON, who married Sydney, daughter and heiress of Sir John 
Vaughan, signalised himself in the wars of Gustavus Adolphus, the renowned King 
of Sweden, and was afterwards made Governor of Ulster. His son, 

GUSTAVUS HAMILTON, was a distinguished military officer in the service of King 
William the Third, for whom he raised six regiments, two of them still well known 
as the Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. For his services at the Battle of the Boyne, 
Siege of Londonderry, and taking of Athlone, he was rewarded with a grant of 
forfeited lands, appointed Brigadier- General of the King's armies, and made P.O. 
In the reign of Queen Anne he was advanced to the rank of Lieutenaut-Geueral, and 
elevated by George the First to the Peerage of Ireland, in 1715, as BARON HAMILTON, 
of Stockallen, and created VISCOUNT BOYNE, August 28th., 1717. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Sir Henry Brooke, of Brooke's Borough, in the county of Fermanagh. 
He died September 16th., 1723, having had, with other issue, an eldest son, 



4 BRANCEPETH CASTLE. 

FREDERICK HAMILTON, who left by his wife Sophia, sister of James, Viscount 
Limerick, at his decease in 1715, a son, who succeeded his grandfather, namely 

GUSTAVUS HAMILTON, second VISCOUNT BOYNE, at whose decease, unmarried, in 1746, 
the honours devolved on his cousin, 

FREDERICK HAMILTON, third VISCOUNT BOYNE, (eldest son of Gustavus Hamilton, of 
Eed Wood, in the King's County, M.P. for the county of Donegal, by his wife, 
married in January, 1717, Dorothea, only daughter of Richard Bellew, first Lord 
Bellew.) He married, in 1737, Elizabeth, daughter of Benjamin Hedley, Esq., but 
dying without children, in 1772, was succeeded by his brother, 

EICHARD HAMILTON, fourth VISCOUNT BOYNE, born March 24th., 1724, who married 
Georgiana, second daughter of William Bury, Esq., of Shannon Grove, in the county 
of Limerick, by whom he had, with others he died July 30th., 1789 

GUSTAVUS HAMILTON, fifth VISCOUNT BOYNE, born December 20th., 1749, married, 
April 1st., 1773, to Martha Matilda Sornerville, only daughter of Sir Quaile Somerville, 
Bart. He died in 1816. His elder sou, 

GUSTAVUS HAMILTON, sixth VISCOUNT BOYNE, born April 12th., 1777, married Harriet, 
only daughter of Benjamin Baugh, Esq., of Burwarton House, Shropshire, and left, 
at his decease, March 30th., 1855, an only surviving son and heir, 

GUSTAVUS HAMILTON, seventh VISCOUNT BOYNE, born April llth., 1797, married, 
September 9th., 1828, Emma Maria, daughter of Matthew Russell, Esq., M.P., of 
Brancepeth Castle, Durham, and on her succeeding to that property, on the death 
of her brother, in 1850, lie assumed, by Royal License, the name and arms of 
RUSSELL in addition to his own. His Lordship was created BARON BRANCEPETH, 
August 31st., I860. He died October 27th., 1872, having had one son, 

GUSTAVUS RUSSELL HAMILTON RUSSELL, eighth VISCOUNT BOYNE, born May 28th., 
1830, married, September 2nd., 1858, to the Honourable Katherine Scott, third 
daughter of John, second Earl of Eldon, and had twelve children, the second son, 
surviving the eldest, being 

THE HONOURABLE GUSTAVUS WILLIAM HAMILTON RUSSELL, born January llth., 
1864. 






WYCOMBE ABBEY, 

NEAR WYCOMBE, BUCKINGHAMSHIRE. LORD CARRINGTON. 



"THE situation of this seat is peculiarly happy, on the banks of the river, near 
the town, from the sight of which it is completely screened by beautiful groves. 
The grounds are extensive, and laid out with much taste, their effect being con- 
siderably heightened by an ornamental sheet of water, winding through them, terminated 
by an artificial cascade of considerable beauty and picturesque effect." 



JOHN SMITH, of Cropwell Boteler, where he purchased land in 1628, died in 1641. 
By Elizabeth, his wife, he was father of 

THOMAS SMITH, of Nottingham, and of Gaddesby, Leicestershire, baptised November 
1st., 1631, married his second wife, Fortune, daughter of Laurence Collin, and had 
three sons, of whom the younger he died in 1699 was 

ABEL SMITH, ESQ., of Nottingham, and of East Stoke, a Banker, married Jane, 
daughter of George Beaumont, Esq., of Chapelthorpe, Yorkshire, and had three sons, 

1. GEORGE SMITH, created a Baronet in 1757, whose son, 

SIR GEORGE SMITH, BARONET, assumed the name of Bromley. 

2. JOHN SMITH, of London, Merchant. 

3. ABEL SMITH. 
The third son, 

ABEL SMITH, ESQ., of Nottingham, Banker, M.P. for Aldborough in 1774, for St. 
Ives in 1780, and for St. Germains in 1785, married Mary, daughter of Thomas Bird, 
Esq., of Barton, Warwickshire, and had eight children, of whom the third son, 

ROBERT SMITH, ESQ., born in 1752, was elevated to the Peerage of Ireland, July 
16th., 1796, as BARON CARRINGTON, of Bulcot Lodge, and to that of Great Britain, 
October 20th., 1797, as BARON CARRINGTON, of Upton, Nottinghamshire. His Lordship 
was Captain of Deal Castle, F.E.S.A., and D.C.L. He married, first, July 6th., 1780, 
Anne, daughter of Henry Boldero Barnard, Esq., of Cave Castle, Yorkshire, and 
their only son he died September 18th., 1838 was 

ROBERT JOHN SMITH, second BARON CARKINGTON, who took by sign manual, in 1839, 
the surname of CARINGTON, in place of his patronymic, SMITH. He was M.P. for 



C WYCOMBE ABBEY. 

many years, Lord-Lieutenant and Gustos Rotulorum of Buckinghamshire. He died 
March 17th., 1868, having had, with other issue, 

CHARLES ROBERT CARINGTON, third BAEON CARRINGTON, F.R.S., Captain in the Royal 
Horse Guards, sometime M.P. for Wycombe, born May 16th., 1843. He married, 
July 16th., 1878, the Honourable Cecilia Margaret Harbord, eldest daughter of Charles 
Harbord, fifth Lord Suffield. 



WILLESLEY HALL, 

NEAR ASHBY-DE-LA-ZOUCH, LEICESTERSHIKE. EARL OP LOUDOUN. 



WILLIAM DE CLIFTON, living in 1257, is stated to have been the ancestor of (sixth 
in descent) 

THOMAS CLIFTON, who accompanied Henry the Fifth into France, 1415. He died in 
1442, leaving by his wife Agnes, daughter of Sir Richard Molyneux, of Sefton, Knight, 
a son, 

RICHARD CLIFTON, of Rawcliffe, Lancashire, ancestor of 

THOMAS CLIFTON, ESQ., of Westby, who married Anne, daughter and coheiress of 
Sir Cuthbert Halsall, of Halsall and Clifton. He died December 15th., 1657, and 
was succeeded by his eldest son, 

CUTHBERT CLIFTON, ESQ., of Clifton and Westby, who married, in 1641, Margaret, 
daughter and sole heiress of George Ireland, Esq., of Southworth, Lancashire, but 
having no children, was followed by his brother, 

SIR THOMAS CLIFTON, born July 7th., 1623, created a Baronet in 1642. His first 
wife was Bridget, daughter of Sir George Heneage, of Hainton, in the county of 
Lincoln, and they had several children, who all died young except one daughter. 
He married secondly, Bridget, daughter of Sir Edmund Hussey, Knight, of Hun- 
uington, Lincolnshire, but had no son. He died November 13th., 1694, when the 
Baronetcy became extinct, and the estates devolved on his nephew, 

THOMAS CLIFTON, ESQ,, who married Eleanora Alathea, daughter of Richard 
Walmsley, Esq., of Dunkenhalgh, Lancashire, and dying December 16th., 1720, was 
succeeded by his son, 

THOMAS CLIFTON, ESQ., of Clifton, Westby, and Lytham, born 1696. He married 
Mary, daughter of Richard, fifth Viscount Molyneux, and left at his decease, 
December 16th., 1734, a son, 

THOMAS CLIFTON, ESQ., of Clifton, Westby, and Lytham, who married thrice, the 
last wife being Lady Jane Bertie, daughter of Willoughby, third Earl of Abingdon, 
by whom alone he left surviving issue, one, an only, son, who, at his death, May 
llth.j 1783, succeeded as 

JOHN CLIFTON, ESQ., of Clifton, Westby, and Lytham, born 1764, who married in 
1785, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Riddell, Esq., of Felton Park and Swinburne 
Castle, Northumberland, and had several children, of' whom the eldest son (he died 
March 23rd., 1832,) was 



8 WILLESLEY HALL. 

THOMAS CLIFTON, ESQ., of Clifton and Lytham, J.P. and D.L., born January 29th., 
1788, who married, March 17th., 1817, Hetty, daughter of Peregrine Treves, Esq., 
Postmaster- General of Calcutta, and widow of David Campbell, of Kildalloig, Argyle- 
shire, and had five sons, of whom the third, 

CHARLES FREDERICK (ABNEY HASTINGS), born June, 1822, married, April 30th., 1853, 
Lady Edith Maud Eawdon-Hastings, who became COUNTESS OF LOUDOUN (eldest 
daughter of George Augustus Francis, second Marquis of Hastings,) and had, with 
other children, an eldest son, 

CHARLES EDWARD HASTINGS ABNET-HASTINGS, who on the death of his mother, 
January 23rd., 1874, became EARL OF LOUDOUN, Baron of Loudoun, Baron Farrinyean 
and Mauchline in the Peerage of Scotland, Baron of Botreaux, Hungerford, Do 
Moleyn, and Hastings, in the Peerage.- of England, born January 5th., 1855. 



HAMILTON PALACE, 

NEAE HAMILTON 1 , LANARKSHIRE. DUKE OF HAMILTON. 



IT is simply impossible, with the very limited space at my command, to give more 
than a mere outline of the descent of this illustrious house, and a most brief 
description of their splendid seat, the embarras de richesse in each case being so 
great. 

As to the place, the park, which is of great extent, and the scenery of the most 
diversified beauty, is bounded on one side by a full sweep of the broad and majestic 
Clyde, and on another, at a distance of two miles, the river Evan runs between two 
lofty and precipitous banks, the one crowned by the Chateau of Chatelherault, and 
the other by the Castle of Cadzow, itself romantically situated on a high and steep 
rock overlooking the grand old forest of the same name. 

Hamilton Palace is one of the most noble residences in Europe, and its collection 
of precious works of art and valuable curiosities far surpasses those of Chatsworth, 
or of Stowe as it was. In fact the whole place is all but of regal magnificence, 
and a mere catalogue of the contents of the house would fill a volume. 

There is a splendid suite of royal rooms intended for the reception of persons of 
the most exalted ranks. The ancient gallery has its walls filled with a grand series 
of family portraits, from the Regent Duke of Chatelherault downwards, and these, 
as may be supposed, by many of the great artists, such as Cornelius Jansen, Vandyke, 
Mytens, Kneller, Lely, Reynolds, and others. It leads into another ancient suite of 
state apartments, adorned with many of the masterpieces of the Italian school of 
painting, namely, Bassano, Leonardo da Vinci, Guido, Guercino, Sassoferato, Pietro da 
Cortona, Titian, Bronzino, Luca Signorelli, Antonello da Messina, Sandro Botticelli, 
and Claude, besides others of the Spanish and Flemish schools. 

Besides these are costly cabinets of ebony and other rare materials; oriental and 
ancient manuscripts; rare editions of the classic authors; etc., etc., etc. 



The following is an outline of the descent of this eminent house: 
ARCHIBALD DOUGLAS, of Douglas, died in 1240. 
WILLIAM DOUGLAS, of Douglas. 
WILLIAM DOUGLAS, of Douglas. 
JAMES DOUGLAS, of Douglas. 

vi. c 



10 HAMILTON PALACE. 

ARCHIBALD DOUGLAS (his brother). 

WILLIAM DOUGLAS, first EARL OP DOUGLAS. 

GEORGE DOUGLAS, first EARL or ANGUS. 

WILLIAM DOUGLAS, second EARL OP ANGUS. 

JAMES DOUGLAS, third EARL OP ANGUS. 

GEORGE DOUGLAS, fourth EARL OF ANGUS. 

ARCHIBALD DOUGLAS, fifth EARL or ANGUS, so well known as "Bell the Cat." 

ARCHIBALD DOUGLAS, sixth EARL OP ANGUS. 

SIR GEORGE DOUGLAS, (his nephew). 

DAVID DOUGLAS, seventh EARL OP ANGUS. 

ARCHIBALD DOUGLAS, eighth EARL OP ANGUS, and EARL OP MORTON. 

SIR ARCHIBALD DOUGLAS. 

SIR WILLIAM DOUGLAS (a descendant of the fifth Earl). 

SIR WILLIAM DOUGLAS, ninth EARL OP ANGUS (on the death of his relative). 

WILLIAM DOUGLAS, tenth EARL OP ANGUS. 

WILLIAM DOUGLAS, eleventh EARL OP ANGUS, created MARQUIS op DOUGLAS in 1633. 

LORD WILLIAM DOUGLAS, created EARL OP SELKIRK (eldest son of the second marriage 
of his father), married Ann, Duchess of Hamilton, elder daughter and heiress of 
James Hamilton, Duke of Hamilton, and obtained, on her petition, the title of DUKE 
OF HAMILTON for life, and was made K.G. in 1682. His eldest son, 

JAMES DOUGLAS, EARL OF ARRAN, K.T., K.G., became by patent, August 10th., 
1698, on the Duchess surrendering her honours, DUKE OF HAMILTON, MARQUIS OP 
CLYDESDALE, etc., with the precedency of the original creation, April 12th., 1643, in 
the same way as if he had regularly inherited, and was created an English Peer, 
September llth., 1711, as BARON OP DUTTON, and DUKE OF BRANDON. 

JAMES DOUGLAS-HAMILTON, fifth DUKE OF HAMILTON, and second DUKE OF BRANDON. 

JAMES DOUGLAS-HAMILTON, sixth DUKE OP HAMILTON, and third DUKE OF BRANDON. 

JAMES GEORGE DOUGLAS-HAMILTON, seventh DUKE OF HAMILTON, and fourth DUKE OF 
BRANDON, who succeeded also as MARQUIS OF DOUGLAS, and EARL OP ANGUS, on the 
decease of Archibald, last Duke of Douglas, in 1761. 

DOUGLAS DOUGLAS-HAMILTON, eighth DUKE OF HAMILTON, and fifth DUKE OP BRANDON. 

ARCHIBALD DOUGLAS-HAMILTON (his uncle), ninth DUKE OF HAMILTON, and sixth DUKE 
OF BRANDON. 

ALEXANDER DOUGLAS-HAMILTON, tenth DUKE OF HAMILTON, and seventh DUKE OF 
BRANDON, K.G., F.R.S., F.S.A., Lord Lieutenant of Lanarkshire. 

WILLIAM ALEXANDER ANTHONY ARCHIBALD DOUGLAS-HAMILTON, eleventh DUKE OF 
HAMILTON, and eighth DUKE OF BRANDON, Lord Lieutenant of Lanarkshire. 

WILLIAM ALEXANDER Louis STEPHEN DOUGLAS-HAMILTON, K.T., MARQUIS OP DOUGLAS 
AND CLYDESDALE, EARL OP ANGUS, AKRAN, AND LANARK, LORD HAMILTON, AVON, POLMONT, 
MACKANSHIRE, INNERDALE, ABERNETHY, AND JEDBUKGH FOREST, in the Peerage of Scot- 
land, DUKE OF BKANDON and BARON OF DUTTON, in the Peerage of England, Hereditary 
Keeper of Holyrood House, Colonel and Honorary Colonel of the Royal Lanarkshire 
Militia, and Knight Marischal of Scotland, born March 12th., 1845, married, July 
15th., 1863, Lady Mary Montagu, eldest daughter of the Duke of Manchester. 



HUTTON-IN-THE-FOKEST, 

NEAR PENRITH, CUMBERLAND. VANE, BARONET. 



THIS mansion is pleasantly situated on rising ground above a branch of the river 
Petherill, whose stream gives that accompaniment to the surrounding scenery without 
which no landscape can be considered complete. 

The park is ornamented with fine trees, and its varied grounds give many fine 
views of the neighbouring country. 



As I remarked in a former volume of this work, when a family has to be described 
which claims an Ancient British origin, going back before Norman or Saxon times, 
the account of its descent must needs be a long one. This at the same time prevents 
anything beyond an outline, in a case like the present, when space is necessarily 
limited. 

A mere catena of the names is all then that I can give, as follows : 

HOWELL AP VANE, living before the Conquest. 

GRIPPYDD (=GRIPPITH) AP HOWELL. 

ENTON, surnamed "The Fay re." 

JENN, married Gwenlyan, daughter of Keynan ap Meredith. 

HENRY, whose wife was Johan, daughter of David Lloyd. 

HENRY, married Margaret, daughter and heiress of John de la Dene. 

JOHN, married a sister of Sir Richard Harley, Knight. 

SIR HENRY VANE, Knighted for his valour at the battle of Poictiers, married Grace, 
daughter and heiress of Sir Stephen de la Leke, a French gentleman. 

JOHN VANE, married to Isabel, daughter and heiress of Martyn St. Owen. 

RICHARD VANE, who wedded Ellyn, daughter of Sir John Pembridge. 

HENRY VANE, whose wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Peter Trayford, Esq. 

HENRY VANE, of Hilden, Kent, married, in 1455, to Isabel, daughter and coheiress 
of Henry Persall. 

JOHN VANE, or FANE, of Hilden, married Isabel, daughter of John Darkenoll, of 
Canterbury. 

JOHN FANE, of Hadloe, whose wife was Joan, daughter and coheiress of Sir Edward 
Hawte, Knight. 

HENRY FANE, of Hadloe, died June llth., 1580, leaving by his wife Elizabeth, 



12 HUTTON-IN-THE-FOREST. 

daughter of Henry White, Esq., of Christchurch, and widow of Sir John Godsalve, 
Knight. 

HENRY FANE, of Hadloe, whose second wife, married in 1584, was Margaret, daughter 
of Roger Twisden, of East Peckham. 

SIR HENRY FANE, of Raby Castle, Durham, who resumed the sirname of VANE. He 
married Frances, daughter and coheiress of Thomas D'Arcy, of Tolleshunt Darc-y, 
Essex. 

SIR GEORGE VANE, of Long Newton, Durham, married to Elizabeth, only daughter 
and heiress of Sir Lionel Maddison, Knight. 

LIONEL VANE, of Long Newton, married Catherine, daughter of Sir George Fletcher, 
Bart. 

WALTER VANE, who on the death of his elder brother succeeded to the Hutton 
estates, and took in consequence the additional sirname of FLETCHER. By his second 
wife, only daughter and heiress of Godfrey Woodward, Esq., of Putney, he left at 
his death in 1775, an eldest son, 

SIR LIONEL WRIGHT FLETCHER-VANE, created a Baronet June 16th., 1786. He 
married Rachael, daughter of David Griffith, Esq., of Llandkennan, Carmarthenshire, 
and their eldest son was 

SIR FREDERICK FLETCHER- VANE, born February 27th., 1760, who married, March 
9th., 1797, Hannah, daughter of John Bowerbank, Esq., of Johnby, Cumberland, and 
dying in March, 1832, was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, 

SIR FRANCIS FLETCHER- VANE, born March 29th., 1797, and married April 10th., 1823, 
to Diana Olivia, third daughter of Charles George Beauclerk, Esq., of St. Leonard's 
Lodge, Horshani, and died February 15th., 1842. His eldest son, who succeeded 
him, was 

SIR HENRY RALPH FLETCHER- VANE, born January 13th., 1830, and married, April 
12th., 1871, to Margaret, eldest surviving daughter of J. Steuart Gladstone, Esq., of 
Capenoch, Dumfriesshire. 



CLIYEDEN, 

BUCKINGHAMSHIRE, NEAR MAIDENHEAD, BERKSHIRE. DUKE OP WESTMINSTER. 



THE situation of Cliveden is exceedingly beautiful, looking down, over finely 
wooded slopes, on the winding Thames, with the Keep of Windsor Castle in the 
more distant view. 

Held at one time by 

GEORGE VILLIERS, first Duke of Buckingham, who was struck down by the murderous 
hand of Felton, it went next to his son, of the same name, the second successor in 
the title, 

GEORGE VILLIERS, "the wicked Duke of Buckingham," who, if possible, outdid his 
father in profligacy and extravagance. He was the B in the "CABAL" administration, 
and was a man of great talent and taste, who might have adorned his high station 
in life as much as he disgraced it. His end was as miserable as it well could be, 
and as it deserved to be. He was injured by a fall from his horse, from the effects 
of which he died, on the 6th. of April, 1688, at a small inn, whither he had been 
carried after the accident, at Kirkby-Moorside, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, 
neglected and despised by all, and without a single person near him in his last 
moments, to soothe or soften the conclusion of his evil career. 

"There, victor of his health, of fortune, friends. 
And fame, this lord of useless thousands ends." 

Since his death the estate has been in possession of various owners. At one time 
it became the property of 

LORD WILLIAM HAMILTON, first EARL OF ORKNEY, probably through his wife, who 
had been of the Villiers family. It was subsequently inherited by 

THE COUNTESS OP ORKNEY, in her own right, and by two following COUNTESSES, 
each in her own right. 

The second COUNTESS OF ORKNEY married, in 1793, Murrough O'Brien, first Marquis 
of Thomond, a man of learning and taste, and the friend of Edmund Burke, with 
whom the place was a favourite resort. 

On the 29th. of May, 1795, the house was entirely destroyed by fire. 

In 1819 the property was sold to 

SIR GEORGE WARRENDER, BARONET, from whom it was purchased by the 



14 CLIVEDEN. 

DUKE OF SUTHERLAND, and from him it came next to the 
DUKE OF WESTMINSTER. 



The family of His Grace the Duke of Westminster is of French origin, as stated 
in a previous volume of the present work. 



MEER HALL, 

NEAE DROITWICH, WORCESTERSHIRE. BEAKCROFT. 



THIS ancient seat was held by the family of Bearcroft in lineal male descent from 
1337, and it is thought probably from a much earlier date, down to the year 1822, 
when it was carried by an heiress to a member of another family, who then took 
the name. 

The Hall was built by Thomas Bearcroft in the above-named year, 1337, the tenth 
of King Edward the Third's reign. It is a black-timbered mansion, approached by 
a fine old avenue of elm trees, and is sheltered on the other side by a beautifully 
wooded hill. 

The front is crowned with a series of gables, those of the two wings of a larger 
size, the middle of the building having five lesser ones. In the centre is a clock, 
and above the roof is a lofty turret of an octagon shape. 

During the Great Rebellion the then Bearcroft took the loyal side, and the Round- 
heads quartered themselves in his house, and turned the hall into a stable. He 
was set down by the rebels as an inveterate and confirmed malignant, and heavily 
fined, his name still appearing in the list of those who were compelled to compound 
for their estates. 

I am indebted for the view of this ancient seat to Mrs. Henry Bearcroft (Miss 
Ellen Vernon), daughter of my good friend of former days, Mr. George Croft 
Veruon, to whom I have alluded in my account on another page of the family of 
Vernon of Hanbury Hall. 



The old family of Bearcroft came to an end in the male line, when an heiress 
carried the representation of it to another, the name however being taken with the 
estate. 

The next representative, 

EDWARD HENRY BEARCROFT, ESQ., of Meer Hall, married Elizabeth, daughter of 
James Bowen, Esq., of Pantyderry, in the county of Pembroke. Their son, 

EDWARD BEARCROFT, ESQ., of Meer Hall, High Sheriff of Worcestershire in the 



16 MEEE HALL. 

year 1854, by his marriage, in 1850, with Eliza, third daughter of John Colby, Esq., 
of Fynone, in Pembrokeshire, had a son, 

EDWARD HUGH BEARCROFT, born in 1852. He married, in 1877, Catherine Elizabeth, 
only daughter of Grismond Phillips, Esq., of Cwmgwilli, in the county of Carmarthen, 
in South Wales. 



EGGTESEOKD HOUSE, 

NEAE WEMBWORTHY, DEVONSHIRE. EARL OF PORTSMOUTH. 



IT might well have been in the "Happy Valley" above which this Country House 
stands, among surrounding hills covered with wood, that Rasselas may be supposed 
to have meditated, "the world forgetting." It gives the perfect idea of peaceful 
seclusion and the little old church below adds its quaint and becoming feature to 
the lovely picture. 



The name of this very ancient family is plainly derived from the words Wall, or 
Well, and Hope, a valley, (vallis rcductus, long drawn out.) 

PETER DE BARTON, Lord of West Barton, Hampshire, married Alice Wallop, daughter 
and heiress of Sir Richard Wallop, grandson of Matthew de Wallop, living in the 
reign of King John. Their grandson, who assumed the name of Wallop, inherited, as 

RICHARD DE WALLOP, M.P. for Hampshire in the second year of Edward III. He 
married Alice, daughter of Sir John Husee, Knight, of Betchworth Castle, Surrey, 
and was succeeded by his eldest son, 

JOHN WALLOP, who married Margaret Wellington, and was followed by his sou, 

JOHN WALLOP, M.P. for Salisbury, tempore Henry IV. He married Avice, daughter 
of John Bush. Their son, 

THOMAS WALLOP, married Margaret, daughter and heiress of Nicholas Valoynes, 
Lord of Farley and Clydesden, and was succeeded, at his death, by his grandson, 

JOHN WALLOP, Sheriff of Hampshire in the thirty-third of Henry VI. and tho first of 
Edward IV., and M.P. for Hampshire in the twelfth of the latter monarch. His son, 

RICHARD WALLOP, married Elizabeth, daughter and coheiress of Hampton, of Old 
Stoke, Hampshire, but having no children, was followed by his brother, 

SIR ROBERT WALLOP, Knight, who dying sine prole, his nephew succeeded, 

SIR JOHN WALLOP, Knight, an eminent military and diplomatic personage in the 
reign of Henry VIII., installed a K.G. in 1544. He married twice, but had no 
children, and his estates therefore went, at his decease, to his brother, 

SIR OLIVER WALLOP, Knight, so created for his gallant conduct at the battle of 
Musselburgh, in 1547. His first wife was Bridget, daughter of - - Pigot, of Beech- 
ampton, Buckinghamshire, their eldest son being 

SIK HENRY WALLOP, Knight, Vice-Treasurer and Treasurer-of-War in the reign of 

VI. D 



18 EGGESFORD HOUSE. 

Queen Elizabeth, and one of the Lord Justices of Ireland in 1582. He married 
Catherine, daughter of Richard Gifford, Esq. Their eldest son, 

SIB HENEY WALLOP, Knight, who married Elizabeth, only daughter and heiress of 
Robert Corbet, Esq., of Moreton Corbet, Red Castle, and divers other lordships and 
manors in Shropshire, and at his death, November 5th., 1624, his only son succeeded, 

ROBERT WALLOP, ESQ., M.P. for Hampshire, and afterwards for Andover. He took 
the side of the Parliament in the Civil War, and at the Restoration, was imprisoned, 
January 30th., 1662, for life in the Tower of London, where he died, November 16th., 
1667. He had married Anne, daughter of Henry Wriothesley, Esq., of Southampton, 
and was followed by his son, 

HENRY WALLOP, ESQ., M.P. for Whitchurch, in the first Parliament of Charles II. 
He married Dorothy, youngest daughter and coheiress of John Bluet, Esq., and dying, 
January 25th., 1678-9, was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, 

HENEY WALLOP, ESQ., whose brother followed, 

JOHN WALLOP, ESQ. This gentleman married Alicia, daughter and coheiress of 
William Borlase, Esq., of Great Marlow, in the county of Buckingham, and at his 
death, in 1694, was followed by his son, 

BLUET WALLOP, ESQ., who dying, unmarried, in 1707, the estates went to his brother, 

JOHN WALLOP, ESQ., born April 15th., 1690, created BARON WALLOP, of Farley 
Wallop, in the county of Southampton, and VISCOUNT LYMINGTON, June llth., 1720, 
and further advanced to the dignity of EARL OF PORTSMOUTH, April llth., 1743. His 
Lordship married, first, in 1 71 6, Bridget, eldest daughter of Charles, Earl of Tan- 
kerville, and had six sons and three daughters. The eldest son, 

JOHN WALLOP, LORD LYMINGTON, born August 3rd., 1718, married, in 1740, to 
Catherine, daughter and coheiress of John Conduit, Esq., (whose wife was a niece 
and one of the coheiresses of SIR ISAAC NEWTON.) He died in his father's lifetime, 
November 23rd., 1762, and his son accordingly came to the title, 

JOHN WALLOP, second EAEL OP PORTSMOUTH, born in 1742. He married, in 1763, 
Urania, daughter of Coulson Fellowes, Esq., of Hampstead, Middlesex, and was 
succeeded, at his death, May 16th., 1797, by their eldest son, 

JOHN CHARLES WALLOP, third EARL OF PORTSMOUTH, born December 18th., 1767, 
married, first, November 19th., 1799, Grace, daughter of Fletcher Norton, first Lord 
Grantley, but by that lady had no children. His brother, 

NEWTON WALLOP, fourth EARL OP PORTSMOUTH, born June 26th., 1772, on succeeding 
to the estates of his maternal uncle, Henry Arthur Fellowes, Esq., of Eggesford 
House, took, by Royal License, August 7th., 1794, the sirname and arms of Fellowes 
only. His Lordship married, first, January 30th., 1795, Frances, daughter of the Rev. 
Castel Sherard, and secondly, the Honourable Catherine Fortescue, second daughter 
of Hugh Fortescue, first Lord Fortescue, and left a son, 

ISAAC NEWTON WALLOP, born January llth., 1825. This nobleman resumed his 
paternal siruame of Wallop. He married, February 15th., 1855, Lady Eveline 
Herbert, daughter of Lord Carnarvon, and had twelve children, the eldest son being 
NEWTON WALLOP, LORD LYMINGTON, born January 19th., 1856. 



LILBUKN TOWER, 

NEAR ALNWICK, NORTHUMBERLAND. COLLINGWOOD. 



THE old house of this name was built in or about the year 1200, but by whom 
there is now no record to show, it being beyond the time to which any such 
runneth. 

It was, however, pulled down, being no doubt more or less dilapidated after such 
an age, in the year 1828, by the then proprietor, and rebuilt in its present Elizabethan 
style. 

The ruins of the ancient tower and chapel still remain. 

The name of the place is derived from the Lil, a burn, or stream, near which it 
stands. 



HENRY COLLINGWOOD, ESQ., of Westerhaugh, was father of 

SIR CUTHBERT COLLINGWOOD, of Esslington, in Northumberland, married to Dorothy, 
daughter of George Bowes, of Streatlam Castle. Their third son was 

CUTHBEKT COLLINGWOOD, ESQ., of Chirtou. Fifth in descent from him was 

JOHN COLLINGWOOD, ESQ., of Chirton, (whose brother was Admiral Cuthbert Colling- 
wood, second in command at TRAFALGAR, created LORD COLLINGWOOD, November 20th., 
1805,) married Sarah, daughter of Thomas Fenwick, Esq., of Earsdon, and left, with 
two daughters, a son and successor, 

EDWARD JOHN COLLINGWOOD, ESQ., of Chirton House and Lilburn Tower, which 
latter he purchased, in 1842, of the trustees of John* Collingwood of that place and 
Cornhill House, born February 4th., 1815, who married, August 23rd., 18i2, Anna, 
second daughter of Arthur Burdett, Esq., of King's County and Tipperary, and had, 
with other children, 

EDWARD JOHN COLLINGWOOD, ESQ., born December 20th., 1843. 



Of the brave Admiral Collingwood the following account is given in Sir Bernard 
Burke' s "Extinct Peerage:" 

"Cuthbert Collingwood, both 1750, son of Cuthbert Collingwood, Esq., of Ditch - 
burne, in the county of Northumberland, having adopted the naval profession, 
obtained the rank of Lieutenant in 1775, was made Post Captain in 1780, advanced 



20 LILBURN TOWER. 

to the rank of Rear Admiral of the White in 1795, Rear Admiral of the Red in 
1801, Vice Admiral of the Blue in 1804, in which commission he had the glory of 
being second in command at the memorable battle off Cape Trafalgar, October 21st., 
1805, under the command of Nelson: and for the services rendered upon that 
triumphant occasion, the Vice Admiral of the Blue (as above stated) was advanced 
to the Peerage, November 20th., 1805, as Baron Collingwood, of Coldburne and 
Hethpool, in the county of Northumberland. His Lordship married Patience, daughter 
and coheiress of Erasmus Blackett, Esq., Alderman of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, by whom 
he had issue 

SARAH COLLINGWOOD, married, May 30th., 1816, George Lewis Newnham Colling- 
wood, Esq., F.R.S., and died November 25th., 1851, leaving issue, 

MARY PATIENCE COLLINGWOOD, married Anthony Denny, Esq., and died 
September 18th., 1828, leaving issue. 

The Admiral died in 1810, when, leaving no male issue, the Barony of COLLINGWOOD 
became extinct." 



STEYENSTONE PARK, 

NEAR TORRINGTON, DEVONSHIRE. -ROLLE. 



FRANCIS TREFUSIS, of Trefusis, married Bridget Rolle, and was father of 

SAMUEL TREFUSIS, ESQ., whose wife was Elizabeth, daughter of - Affleck, and their 

SOD, 

ROBERT COTTON TREFUSIS, by the Honourable Anne St. John, youngest daughter of 
John, tenth Lord St. John, was father of 

ROBERT GEORGE WILLIAM TREFUSIS, ESQ., who succeeded his cousin, the Earl of 
Orford, (third Earl, and sixteenth Baron Clinton,) as seventeenth BARON CLINTON. 
His Lordship, who was born October 5th., 1764, married, August 28th., 1786, 
Albertina Mary Anne, daughter of John Abraham Rodolph Gaulis, a native of Swit- 
zerland, and had several children. He died August 28th., 1797, and was succeeded 
by his eldest son, 

ROBERT COTTON ST. JOHN TREFUSIS, born April 28th., 1787, eighteenth BARON 
CLINTON, a Colonel in the army, a Lord of the Bedchamber, and Aide-de-camp to 
the King. He married, August 4th., 1814, Frances Selina, eldest daughter of William 
Stephen Poyntz, Esq., of Cowdray Park, Sussex, but having no children, was succeeded 
at his death, in October, 1832, by his brother, 

CHARLES RODOLPH TREFUSIS, nineteenth BARON CLINTON, who was born November 
9th., 1791, and married, October 25th., 1831, Lady Elizabeth Georgiana Ken-, 
daughter of William, sixth Marquis of Lothian, and by her, who died March 19th., 
1871, had issue, besides other children, 

CHARLES HENRY ROLLE HEPBURN STUART FOKBES TREFUSIS, twentieth BARON CLINTON, 
(who took the three penultimate surnames by Royal License, dated September 4th., 
1867,) and the second son 

THE HONOURABLE MARK GEORGE KERR-ROLLE, born November 13th., 1835, High 
Steward of Barnstaple, High Sheriff of Devonshire in 1864, assumed by Royal License, 
January 30th., 1852, the surname and arms of ROLLE. He married, October 6th., 
1860, Lady Gertrude Jane Douglas, fifth daughter of Sholto Douglas, eighteenth 
Earl of Morton, and had issue two daughters, 

1. GERTRUDE EMILY ROLLE. 

2. MARY FRANCES ROLLE. 



The family of Rolle, from which the proprietor of Stevenstone maternally descends, 
was originally of the county of Dorset, and derived immediately from 



22 STEVENSTONE PARK. 

GEOKGE ROLLE, a merchant of great opulence and high reputation in the city of 
London, who became an extensive landed proprietor. Ninth in descent from him 
was 

JOHN ROLLE, ESQ., of Stevenstone and Bicton, who was born October 16th., 1756, 
and was elevated to the Peerage, June 20th., 1796, as BARON ROLLE, of Stevenstone, 
in the county of Devon. He married, first, February 22nd., 1778, Judith Maria, only 
daughter and heiress of Henry Walrond, Esq., of Bovey Tracey, Devonshire, which 
lady died October 1st., 1820; and secondly, September 24th., 1822, the Honourable 
Louisa Trefusis, third daughter of Robert George William Trefusis, sixteenth Lord 
Clinton. He died, without children, in 1842, when the Barony expired. 



NETHERHALL, 

NEAR MARYPORT, CUMBERLAND. POC'KLINGTON-SENHOUSE. 



NETHERHALL, formerly Alneburgh Hall, is pleasantly situated on the banks of the 
river Ellen (anciently Alne), which falls into the Solway about a mile below the 
house. At its mouth are the harbour and town of Maryport, and on the high 
ground near the town is a Roman Station, in and near which many altars and other 
Roman remains have been dug up at different times, and are now preserved in the 
portico at Netherhall. 

The house originally consisted of a tower only, with walls nine feet thick, and 
of unknown but very ancient date. This tower has been added to by its various 
possessors from time to time, and it is now a comfortable family residence, and 
contains some spacious rooms and an excellent library. 

The manor and estate formerly belonged to the Eglesfields, but passed in 1528, 
by the marriage of the heiress of that ancient family to the Senhouses, in whose 
possession it has since remained. 

WILLIAM POCKLTNGTON, Esq., the name derived no doubt from the town of Pock- 
lington, in Yorkshire, living in the reign of Henry VIII., was father of 

THOMAS POCKLINGTON, ESQ., whose sou, 

JOHN POCKLINGTON, ESQ., of Collingham, Nottinghamshire, married Letitia, daughter 
of William Pocklington, of Colliugliam, and had 

WILLIAM POCKLINGTON, ESQ., of Oollingham, who by his wife, Mildred, left, with 
other issue, a son, 

ROGER POCKLINGTON, Esq., of Newark, father of 

ROGEII POCKLINGTON, ESQ., of Kelham, Nottinghamshire, and died, October 31st., 1720, 
leaving, by Mary his wife, daughter of Thomas Saxtou, Esq., several children, of 
whom was 

ROGER POCKLINGTON, ESQ., of Bassingham, Lincolnshire, born in 1(369, who married 
Anne, daughter of Thomas Haslatn, Esq., of Newark, and dying in 1 751, left a son, 

WILLIAM POCKLINGTON, ESQ., of Newark, born in 1694, married, in 173J-, to Elizabeth, 
daughter of Samuel Hastall, Esq., of the Friary, Newark, and died in July, 1764, 
having had two sons and a daughter. The elder son, 

ROGER POCKLINGTON, ESQ., of Winthorpe Hall, Nottinghamshire, born October 25th., 
1734, married, March 2nd., 1774, Mary, eldest daughter and coheiress of William Roe, 



24 NETHERHALL. 

Esq., of Sudbrooke Hall, near Ancaster, Lincolnshire, and died October 12th., 1810, 
leaving, with a daughter Elizabeth, one son, 

ROGER POCKLINGTON, ESQ., of Carlton House, Nottinghamshire, born August 10th., 
1775, married, February 2nd., 1802, to Jane, daughter of Sir James Campbell, Knight, 
of Invernell, in Argyleshire, and died April 25th., 1847, leaving three sons and three 
daughters, of whom the second son, 

JOSEPH POCKLINGTON (-SENHOUSE), ESQ., of Barrow House, J.P. and D.L., High 
Sheriff of Cumberland in 1846, married, October 12th., 1835, Elizabeth, eldest 
daughter and heiress of Humphrey Senhouse, Esq., of Netherhall, whose surname 
he assumed, by Royal License, in addition to his own, September 27th., 1842, and 
died February 17th., 1874, having had, with other children, 

HUMPHREY POCKLINGTON- SENHOUSE, ESQ., born August 13th., 1843. 



The ancient family of Senhouse, otherwise spelled, in former times, De Sewynhouse, 
and De Sevenhouse, derives from (the first on record) Walter De Sewynhouse, from 
whom descended JOHN SENHOUSE, ESQ., living in the beginning of the sixteenth 
century. It ended in an heiress, as above mentioned. 



BRECHIN CASTLE, 

NEAR BRECHIN, POEFAESHIEE. EAEL OP DALHOUSIE. 



THIS ancient Castle, built at different times, is very finely situated on the north 
bank of the river Esk, on the brink of a high precipitous rock, the views from it 
being exceedingly fine, as may well be supposed. It withstood a long siege in the 
year 1303 against the English army under Edward the First, and held out for twenty 
days, till the brave and doughty Governor, Sir Thomas Maule, was killed by a stone 
flung from a catapult, when his garrison felt themselves obliged to surrender the 
place. The trees, too, are of great growth, and have stood for centuries. 



This family is stated to have been originally of German origin. The first of the 
name on record appears to have been 

SIMON DE EAMSAY, of Dalhousie, in Lothian, who signed as a witness to a grant 
of the Church of Livingston, in West-Lothian, in the year 1140. From him descended 

SIE ALEXANDER EAMSAY, Knight, of Dalhousie, Constable, in 1332, of the Castle of 
Roxburgh, which he had taken by escalade. In descent after him came 

JAMES RAMSAY, of Dalhousie, who died about the year 1580. 

SIE GEOEGE RAMSAY, Knight, of Dalhousie, made BARON OP MELEOSE, under the 
title of LORD RAMSAY OP MELEOSE, by charter, August 25th., 1618, which designation 
he obtained permission afterwards by letter from James VI. to alter to LOED RAMSAY 
OP DALHOUSIE. 

WILLIAM RAMSAY, second LOED RAMSAY OP DALHOUSIE, created, January 29th., 1G38, 
BARON RAMSAY OP KEEEINGTON, and EARL OF THE CASTLE OP DALHOUSIE, in Mid-Lothian. 

GEORGE RAMSAY, second EAEL OP DALHOUSIE. 

WILLIAM RAMSAY, third EAEL OP DALHOUSIE. 

GEORGE RAMSAY, fourth EARL OP DALHOUSIE. 

WILLIAM RAMSAY, fifth EARL OP DALHOUSIE. 

WILLIAM RAMSAY, (his kinsman, grandson of the first Earl,) sixth EARL OP DALHOUSIE, 
followed by his grandson, 

WILLIAM RAMSAY, seventh EAEL OF DALHOUSIE, who died unmarried in 1764, and 
was succeeded by his brother, 

GEORGE RAMSAY, eighth EARL OP DALHOUSIE. 

GEORGE RAMSAY, ninth EARL OF DALHOUSIE, born October 22nd., 1770, G.C.B., 
Colonel of the 26th. Regiment of Foot, and distinguished at Waterloo. He was 

VI. E 



26 BRECHIN CASTLE. 

created a Peer of the United Kingdom, as BARON DALHOUSIE, of DA.LHOUSIE CASTLE, 
August llth., 1815. 

JAMES ANDREW RAMSAY, tenth EAEL OP DALHOUSIE, born April 22nd., 1812, who 
was further raised in the Peerage, August 25th., 1849, as MARQUIS OP DALHODSIE, of 
DALHOUSIE CASTLE. He was Constable of Dover Castle, Lord Warden of the Cinque 
Ports, Lord Registrar of Scotland, Major-General of the Royal Archers, the Queen's 
Body Guard of Scotland. He was GOVERNOR-GENERAL or INDIA from 1847 to 1856. 
At his death, December 19th., 1860, the honours of the United Kingdom expired, 
while the Scottish ones devolved on his cousin, 

SIB Fox RAMSAY, eleventh EARL OP DALHOUSIE, (second BARON OP PANMURE, son of 
WILLIAM RAMSAY, first EARL OP PANMURE, who was second son of George Ramsay, 
eighth Earl of Dalhousie), K.T., G.C.B., P.O., Keeper of the Privy Seal of Scotland, 
Lord Lieutenant of Forfarshire, a Commissioner of the Royal Military Asylum, and 
a Governor of the Charterhouse, Under Secretary of State from 1835 to 1841, 
Vice President of the Board of Trade in 1848, Secretary of War from 1846 to 
1852, and again from 1855 to 1858, resumed his family name of Ramsay after that 
of the acquired one of Maule. He was born April 22nd., 1801, and married April 
4th., 1831, Montagu, eldest daughter of George, second Lord Abercromby, but 
having died, sine prole, July 6th., 1874, was succeeded by his cousin, 

GEORGE RAMSAY, twelfth EARL OP DALHOUSIE, C.B., a Rear-Admiral on the Retired 
List, born April 26th., 1806, who was created a Peer of the United Kingdom, June 
12th., 1875. He married, August 12th., 1845, Sarah Frances, only daughter of 
William Robertson, Esq., of Logan House, N.B. His Lordship died July 28th., 1880, 
and was followed by his eldest son, 

JOHN WILLIAM RAMSAY, thirteenth EARL OP DALHOUSIE, Commander R.N., Equerry 
to His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh, M.P. for Liverpool, born January 
29th., 1847, married, December 6th., 1877, Lady Ida Louisa Bonnet, younger daughter 
of the sixth Earl of Tankerville, and had issue, 

1. ARTHUR GEORGE MAULE RAMSAY, born September 4th., 1878. 

2. A sou, born September 20th., 1879. 




a 
Iz; 



PYNES, 

NEAE EXETER, DEVONSHIRE. NORTHCOTE, BARONET. 



THE name of this ancient seat is derived from a family called Pyne, one of whom, 
a Crusader, settled here in the time of King John. 

It passed, as in so many similar cases, from one owner to another, through 
heiresses, namely, first, to a proprietor called Lorden, next to a branch of the 
family of Coplestone, and from them was purchased, in the reign of Charles the 
Second, by Hugh Stafford, Esq., a maternal ancestor of the present family. 

It is almost enough to state that it is in Devonshire, to show that it must be in 
a lovely country, which I can say that it is, having seen it myself more than once. 

The house stands on a rising ground overlooking the valley of the Exe, a little 
way above where that river joins the Greedy, a stream which has given its name to 
the town of Crediton. 

The grounds and estate are well wooded, a feature which, though common to 
the county, contributes none the less to its ornament. 



This is one of those families of high antiquity to which the worthy name of "gentle" 
of right belongs. It is also one of those, of which instances have been given in 
previous volumes of this work, which has either received its designation from or given 
it to a hamlet of the same name. 

GALFEIDUS MILES, resident at Northcote, is recorded as living in the year 1103. 
He was succeeded by his son, 

JOHN, written of as "habitantis in Northcote." He was followed by 

GALPRIDUS DE NORTHCOTE, living in 1118. The elder of his two sons, 

WILLIAM DE NORTHCOTE, married Margaret, daughter of Robert de Afeton, of whom 
were three sons, the second being 

ANDREW DE NORTHCOTE, who married Matilda, daughter of Peter Faber, of Bovey 
Tracey, Devonshire. Their eldest son, 

WILLIAM DE NORTHCOTE, married, in 1325, Matilda, daughter of Eobert Hillion, 
the elder of whose two sons, 

JOHN DE NORTHCOTE, married, in 1343, Johanna, second daughter and coheiress of 
Roger Meoles, with whom the family acquired great wealth. The issue of this marriage 
were two sons, from the elder of whom, 



28 PYNES. 

JOHN NORTHCOTE, descended 

JOHN NORTHCOTE, of Upton, Devonshire, married to Susan, daughter of Sir Hugh 
Pollard. Their son and heir, 

JOHN NORTHCOTE, ESQ., of Hayne, also in Devonshire, was created a Baronet, July 
16th v 1641. He served the office of Sheriff of the county in the second year of the 
reign of Charles I., and was M.P. for the same in the twelfth of that of Charles II. 
He married Grace, daughter and heiress of Hugh Halswell, Esq., of Wells, in 
Somersetshire, and at his death, in 1676, was succeeded by his eldest son, 

SIR JOHN NORTHCOTE, second Baronet. He married, first, Elizabeth, daughter and 
heiress of James Walsh, Esq., of Alverdiscott, and their two sons predeceased him. 
He married, secondly, Elizabeth, eldest daughter of the Honourable Sir Francis 
Godolphin. He died in 1688, when he was succeeded by the eldest surviving son 
of the second marriage, namely, 

SIR FRANCIS NORTHCOTE, third Baronet. He married Anne, daughter of Sir Chichester 
Wray, Baronet, but dying, in 1709, without issue, the title devolved on his brother, 

SIR HENRY NORTHCOTE, fourth Baronet, M.D., born in 1655, who married Penelope, 
daughter and coheiress of Robert Lovett, Esq., of Liscombe, in Buckinghamshire, 
and of Corfe, Devonshire. He died in February, 1729-30, and their eldest son 
followed, 

SIR HENRY NORTHCOTE, fifth Baronet, M.P. for Exeter. His wife was Bridget 
Maria, only daughter and heiress of Hugh Stafford, Esq., of Pynes, in Devon, and 
they had with other children he died in 1743 

SIR STAFFORD NORTHCOTE, sixth Baronet, born in May, 1736, and married, in 1760, 
to Catherine, daughter of the Rev. George Bradford, Rector of Talaton. He died 
March llth., 1771, and was succeeded by his only son, 

SIR STAFFORD HENRY NORTHCOTE, seventh Baronet, born October 6th., 1762, who 
married, May 6th., 1791, Jaquetta, daughter of Charles Baring, Esq., of Larkbeer, 
Devonshire, and had three sons, the eldest of whom, 

HENRY STAFFORD NORTHCOTE, ESQ., born March 18th., 1792, married, first, November 
13th., 1815, to Agnes Mary, only daughter of Thomas Cockburn, Esq., of the East 
India Company's Service, and was father of, with other children he died February 
22nd., 1850 

SIR STAFFORD HENRY NORTHCOTE, eighth Baronet, successor to his grandfather, 
P.C., C.B., M.A., D.C.L., M.P. for North Devon, President of the Board of Trade, 
1866-7, Secretary of State for India, 1867-8, Lord Commissioner of the Treasury, 
and afterwards CHANCELLOR OF THE EXCHEQUER, born October 27th., 1818, and married, 
August 5th., 1843, to Cecilia Frances, eldest daughter of Thomas Farrer, Esq., of 
Lincoln's-Iuu, third son of James Farrer, Esq., of Ingleborough, Yorkshire, and 
had, with several other children, an eldest son, 

WALTER STAFFORD NORTHCOTE, ESQ., a Commissioner of Inland Revenue, born 
August 7th., 1845, married, September 23rd., 1868, Elizabeth Lucy, eldest 
daughter of Sir Harry Stephen Meysey-Thompson, Baronet, of Kirby Hall, 
Yorkshire, and had, with other issue, a son, 

STAFFORD HENRY NORTHCOTE, born August 29th., 1869. 




D 
O 

o 



, 



BEARWOOD, 

NEAR WOKINQHAM, BERKSHIRE. WALTER. 



THE estate of Bearwood was formerly an outlying part of the Royal Forest of 
Windsor. 

It was purchased of the Crown in the year 1816, by the then Mr. Walter, as 
mentioned below. 

In some of the old county histories it was written Berewood, but I think there 
need be no doubt but that the former spelling of the name correctly expressed its 
origin, as a haunt and home of the bear, in the same way that Beverley was of 
the beaver. 

The original purchase consisted of not quite four hundred acres, and shortly 
afterwards Mr. Walter built a house on the estate, and formed a lake of about 
twenty-seven acres, and laid out very beautiful and extensive gardens, under the 
superintendence of Mr. David Stewart. 

In or about the year 1844 much more land was added to the property, and the 
lake was enlarged to forty-four acres, other improvements being at the same time 
made in the grounds. 

In the year 1865 Mr. John Walter took the old house down, and had it entirely 
rebuilt on the same site on a much larger scale, in the Elizabethan style. 

The entrance hall is thirty-two feet by twenty-six, opening into a staircase tower 
eighty feet high, a picture gallery seventy foot by twenty-four, two drawing-rooms 
divided by sliding doors, tho two together measuring ninety-six feet by twenty-six, 
a dining-room forty feet by twenty-four, and other apartments. 

The picture gallery contains a very choice and valuable collection of paintings by 
the old Dutch and Flemish masters, among them being chefs-d'oeuvre by Paul Potter, 
Hobbema, Both, Ruysdael, Berghem, De Hooghe, Karle du Jardin, Adrian Ostadc, 
Isaac Ostade, Van der Neer, and other great painters. 



JOHN WALTER, ESQ., of Warwickshire, was father of 

ROBERT WALTER, Captain in the Royal Navy, and 

JOHN WALTER. 
The younger son, 
JOHN WALTER, ESQ., of London and Teddiugton Grove, was founder of the Times 



30 BEARWOOD. 

newspaper. He married Miss Frances Landon, and had several children, of whom 
the second and younger son, 

JOHN WALTER, ESQ., J.P. and D.L., and High Sheriff of Berkshire, M.P., for some 
years for the county, and afterwards for Nottingham, became a co-proprietor with his 
father of the Times, and its sole manager, with great success. He purchased the 
estate of Bearwood, and spent large sums on its improvement. He married twice, 
his first wife being a daughter of the Rev. Dr. Gregory, Vicar of Ham, but had no 
children. He married, secondly, Mary, daughter of Henry Smithe, Esq., of Eastling, 
Kent, and had five children, of whom the eldest son, 

JOHN WALTER, ESQ., of Bearwood, J.P. and D.L., Barrister at Law, M.A. of Exeter 
College, Oxford, M.P. for Nottingham from 1847 to 1859, and afterwards for 
Berkshire, born October 8th., 1818, married, first, September 27th., 1842, Emily 
Frances, eldest daughter of Major Henry Court, Esq., of Castlemans, Berkshire, and 
had she died, April 28th., 1858, with other children, an eldest surviving son, 

ARTHUR FRASER WALTER. 

He married secondly, January 1st., 1861, Flora, third daughter of James Monro 
Macnabb, Esq., of Highfield Park, Hampshire, and had further issue. 

The above named 

ARTHUR FRASER WALTER, ESQ., B.A. of Christ Church, Oxford, J.P. for Berkshire, 
married, in 1872, Henrietta Maria, eldest daughter of the Rev. Thomas Anchitel 
Anson, nephew of Thomas Anson, first Viscount Anson. 



NTfflEHAM PARK, 

OXFORDSHIRE, NEAK ABINGDON, BERKSHIRE. HARCOURT. 



NUNEHAM PAEK is well known to every Oxonian, beautifully situated as it is on 
the bank of the classic Isis, some three or four miles from the ever famous University 
of Oxford, my own Alma Mater. 

The adjoining parish of Stanton Harcourt was in the ownership of the noble 
family of Harcourt, now represented by a branch of the equally noble one of 
Vernon, for more than six hundred years. It was afterwards left by them for the 
more attractive situation of Nuneham Courtenay. 



The accounts of the descent of each of the two great houses, now represented by that 
of Vernon-Harcourt, furnish such an embdrras de richesse that a mere outline is all that 
can here be given of the successive representatives of the family, as follows: 

WILLIAM DE VERNON, proprietor of Vernon, in Normandy, in 1052. 

EICHARD DE VERNON, came into England with the Conqueror. Ninth in descent 
from him was 

SIR RICHARD DE VERNON, Knight, who married Matilda, daughter and coheiress of 
Sir William Camville, Lord of Clifton Carnville and Aston. 

SIR WILLIAM DE VERNON, Knight, born 1312, married Margaret, daughter of Robert, 
Baron de Stafford. 

SIR RICHARD DE VERNON, Knight, of Haddon and Harleston, married to Juliana, 
daughter of Robert, or Roger, do Pembruge. 

SIR RICHARD DE VERNON, Knight, of Haddon and Harlestou, born Io70, married 
Johanna, second daughter and heiress of Richard Stackpole. 

SIR RICHARD VERNON, Knight, born 1394, married Benedicta, daughter of Sir John 
Ludlowe. He was Speaker of the Parliament held at Leicester in 1425, and Treasurer 
of Calais. He died 1451. 

SIR WILLIAM DE VERNON, Knight, Knight-Constable of England, born 141 G, married 
Margaret, daughter and heiress of Sir William Swynfen, Knight. She was also 
heiress of Robert Pype. 

SIR HENRY VERNON, Knight, Lord of Haddon, etc., etc., Governor and Treasurer 
to Prince Arthur, eldest son of King Henry VII. He married Anne, daughter of 
John, second Earl of Shrewsbury. 

HUMPHREY VERNON, ESQ., married Alice, daughter and coheiress of Sir John Ludlow, 
of Hodnet, Shropshire. 



32 NUNEHAM PARK. 

THOMAS VERNON, ESQ., the second son, married Helena, daughter of Ralph Shirley. 

WALTER VERNON, ESQ., of Houndshill, born in 1552, married Mary, daughter of 
Edward Littleton, Esq., of Pillaton, Staffordshire. 

SIR EDWARD VERNON, Knight, born in 1584, married, in 1613, Margaret, daughter 
and sole heiress of Henry Vernon, Esq., of Hilton and Essington, Staffordshire. 

SIR HENRY VERNON, married Muriel, daughter and heiress of Sir George Vernon, 
of Haslington, Judge of the Common Pleas. 

GEORGE VERNON, ESQ., of Sudbury, born in 1635, married, first, to Margaret, 
daughter of Edwin Onely, Esq., of Catesby, Northamptonshire; secondly, Dorothy 
Shirley, sister of Robert, Earl Ferrers; and thirdly, Catherine, daughter of Sir Thomas 
Vernon, Merchant, of London. 

HENRY VERNON, ESQ., of Sudbury, M.P. for Staffordshire, married, first, to Anne, 
only daughter and heiress of Thomas Pigott, Esq., of Chetwynd, Staffordshire, and 
secondly, Matilda, daughter of Thomas Wright, Esq., of Longstone, Derbyshire. 

GEORGE VERNON, ESQ., of Sudbury, who assumed the additional surname and arms of 
VENABLES, in 1728, on inheriting the estates of his maternal ancestors, and was raised 
to the Peerage as LORD VERNON, Baron of Kinderton, in the county of Chester. His 
Lordship married, first, in 1733, Mary, daughter and coheiress of Thomas, sixth Lord 
Howard of Effingham, and had a son, the HON. GEORGE VERNON, successor to the 
title. He married, secondly, in 1741, Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Lee, Bart., of 
Hartwell, in Buckinghamshire, but had no issue. He married, thirdly, in 1747, Martha, 
daughter of the Hon. Simon Harcourt, grand-daughter of Viscount Harcourt, Lord 
Chancellor, and had, with a son, the HON. HENRY VERNON, successor to the Barony, a 
second son, 

THE HON. AND MOST REVEREND EDWAED VENABLES VERNON, D.D., LORD ARCHBISHOP OF 
YORK, born October 10th., 1757, who, on succeeding to the Harcourt estates, assumed the 
further surname of HARCOURT, and became of Nuneham Courtenay. His Grace married, 
February 5th., 1784, the Hon. Anne Leveson Gower, daughter of Granville Leveson 
Gower, first Marquis of Stafford, (ancestor of the Dukes of Sutherland). He had a 
large family, and was succeeded in the estates by his eldest son, 

GEORGE GRANVILLE HARCOUET, ESQ., of Nuneham Courtenay, Oxfordshire, M.P. for 
that County, born in 1785, married, first, March 27th., 1815, the Hon. Elizabeth 
Bingham, eldest daughter of Richard, second Earl of Lucan, and, secondly, September 
30th., 1847, Frances Elizabeth, Countess Dowager of Waldegrave, and daughter of 
John Braham, Esq. The third son, (the second having died without an heir,) 

THE REV. WILLIAM VERNON-HARCOURT, Canon of York, born in 1789, married, July 
llth., 1824, Matilda Mary, daughter of Colonel William Gooch, and died in April, 
1871, his elder son being 

EDWARD WILLIAM HARCOURT, ESQ., of Nuneham Courtenay and Stanton Harcourt, 
Oxfordshire, M.P. for the County, born June 26th., 1825, married, June 26th., 1849, 
to Lady Susan Harriet Holroyd, only daughter of George Augustus Frederick Charles 
Holroyd, second Earl of Sheffield, and had a son, 

AUBREY HARCOURT, ESQ., J.P. for Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire, born 
August 16th., 1852. 



CHILLINGHAM CASTLE, 

NEAR WOOLEK, NORTHUMBERLAND. EARL OF TANKERVILLE. 



CHILLINGHAM, originally called Chevelingham, was at one time held by 

ROBERT DE MUSCAMP. It afterwards came to the family of 

GREY, Barons of Werke, from whom it was inherited by the present family. 

The house, which is a large and massive structure, was rebuilt in the reign of 
Queen Elizabeth. 

It contains several interesting portraits, as, among others, of Lord Chancellor Bacon, 
Lord Treasurer Burleigh, Buckingham, King Charles, and James the Second, etc. 

The greatest object of interest about the place is the well-known herd of wild 
cattle, the Chillingham oxen, still preserved in the park of the estate. They are 
white, with the tip of the nose black, as are also the tips of the ears and a rim 
round the eyes. 

In the neighbourhood are two circular entrenchments, and about a mile off a stone 
cross, twelve feet high, called the Hurle Stone. 



THOMAS BENNET, ESQ., of Clapcot, married Anne, daughter of Molines, of Mackney, 
Oxfordshire. The elder of his two sons, 

RICHARD BENNET, ESQ., of Clapcot, married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Tisdale, 
Esq., of Deanly, Berkshire, and their second son, 

SIR JOHN BENNET, Knight, LL.D., of Dawley, Middlesex, M.P. in the reign of 
Elizabeth, was afterwards appointed Chancellor to Anne, Queen Consort of King 
James the First, Judge of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, and Chancellor to 
the Archbishop of York, and was sent as Ambassador to Brussels in 1617. He 
married Anne, daughter of Christopher Weeks, Esq., of Salisbury, and had, with 
another, younger son, he died in 1627, 

SIR JOHN BENNET, Knight, of Dawley, who married Dorothy, daughter of Sir John 
Crofts, Knight, of Saxham, Suffolk, and had two sons, the elder of whom, 

SIR JOHN BENNET, K.C.B., was created a Peer of the Realm, November 24th., 1682, 
by the title of BARON OSSULSTON, of Ossulston, in the county of Middlesex. He 
married, first, Elizabeth, widow of Edmund Sheffield, second Earl of Musgrave, and 
daughter of Lionel Cranfield, Earl of Middlesex, but had no children. He married, 

VI. F 



34 CHILLINGHAM CASTLE. 

secondly, Bridget, daughter of John Howe, Esq., of Langar, Nottinghamshire, and 
dying in 1685, was succeeded by his only son, 

CHARLES BENNET, second BAEON OSSULSTON, born in 1674. His Lordship married, 
in 1695, Lady Mary Grey, only daughter of Forde, Lord Grey of Werke, Viscount 
Grey of Glendale, and Earl of Tankerville, and was created EARL OF TANKERVILLE, 
the title of his deceased father-in-law, October 19th., 1714. He died May 21st., 
1722, and was succeeded by his only surviving son, 

CHARLES BENNET, second EARL OP TANKERVILLE, K.T. He married Camilla, daughter 
of Edward Colville, Esq., of Whitehouse, in the county of Durham, and one of the 
Ladies of the Bedchamber to Queen Caroline. At his death, March 14th., 1753, his 
eldest son succeeded, 

CHARLES BENNET, third EARL OP TANKERVILLE, who married, in 1742, Alicia, third 
daughter and coheiress of Sir John Astley, Bart., of Pateshull, Staffordshire, and left, 
at his death, October 27th., 1767, with other children, an eldest son, 

CHARLES BENNET, fourth EARL OP TANKERVILLE, born November 15th., 1743, married, 
October 7th., 1771, to Emma, youngest daughter and coheiress of Sir James Cole- 
brooke, Bart. He died December 10th., 1822, and left several children, the eldest 
son being 

CHARLES AUGUSTUS BENNET, fifth EARL OP TANKERVILLE, born April 28th., 1776, and 
married, July 28th., 1806, to Mademoiselle Armandine Sophie Leonie Corisandra, 
daughter of Antoine, Due de Gramtnont, and by her had, he died June 25th., 1859, 
with two daughters, a son, 

CHARLES AUGUSTUS BENNET, sixth EARL OP TANKERVILLE, P.C., Captain of the 
Honourable Corps of Gentle men-at- Arms, and Lord Steward of Her Majesty's 
Household, born January 10th., 1810, married, January 29th., 1850, Lady Olivia 
Montagu, only daughter of George, sixth Duke of Manchester. His Lordship had 
been summoned to the House of Lords, in the Barony of Ossulston, in May, 1859, 
before his accession to the Earldom of his father. 



CASTLE HILL, 

NEAR SOUTH MOLTON, DEVONSHIRE. EARL FOETESCUE. 



1 QUOTE the following from one of the printed accounts of the place: "Castle 
Hill, about three miles from South Molton, but in the parish of Filleigh, is the 
splendid seat of Earl Fortescue, whose ancestor, Martin Fortescue, Esq., (son of the 
Chief Justice of that name), obtained the manor by his marriage with an heiress of 
the Deynsells. The grounds were laid out in a somewhat formal style, about the 
year 1740, by the first Earl Fortescue, then Baron Clinton, but numerous improve- 
ments have since been made in accordance with the modern style of landscape 
gardening. The mansion is seated on the acclivity of a finely wooded eminence, 
commanding an extensive prospect; and several pleasing slopes descend from the 
terrace to a sheet of water, beyond which the ground again rises. Various orna- 
mental buildings are raised in different parts of the park. The shrubbery includes 
some Portugal laurels of remarkable size, the trunk of the largest of which is 
between nine and ten feet in circumference; and in the kitchen garden is a peach 
tree of luxuriant growth, reaching to the top of a sixteen-feet wall, and extending 
its branches nearly fourteen yards." 



"Venerable and almost uniform tradition" derives this house from 

RICHARD LE FORT, Cup-bearer to the Norman William, and who saved the life of 
the Duke, who had three horses killed under him, by protecting him with his shield, 
and so thenceforward became known as Fm-t-cscu, or "the strong shield." His son 
was 

SIR ADAM FORTESCUE, Knight. Descended from him is stated to have been 

WILLIAM FORTESCUE, of Winston, living in 1406, who married Elizabeth, sister and 
coheiress of Thomas Beauchamp, of Ryme, Dorsetshire, and widow of Richard 
Branscomb. The descents after him were as follows: His second son, 

SIR JOHN FORTESCUE, Governor of Meaux under Henry V., married to Eleanor, 
daughter and heiress of William Norreis. 

SIR JOHN FORTESCUE, Lord Chief Justice of England. He married Isabella, daughter 
of John Jamys, Esq. 

MARTIN FORTESCUE, ESQ., who died in 1472. His wife was Elizabeth, daughter and 
heiress of Richard Deynsell, of Filleigh and Wear Gifford. 



36 CASTLE HILL. 

JOHN FORTESCUE, ESQ., of Filleigh and Wear Gifford, born in 1460, married, in 
1480, to Jacquet, daughter of Ralph St. Leger, of Annery. 

BARTHOLOMEW FORTESCUE, ESQ., of Filleigh and Wear Gifford, who married Ellen, 
daughter of Maurice Moore, Esq., of Moore Hays. 

EICHARD FORTESCUE, ESQ., of Filleigh, married Joan Moreton, and died in 1570. 

HUGH FORTESCUE, ESQ., married to Elizabeth, sister of Sir Arthur Chichester, Lord 
Deputy of Ireland. 

JOHN FORTESCUE, ESQ., married Mary, daughter of Humphrey Speccott, and died 
in 1605. 

HUGH FORTESCUE, ESQ., married Mary, daughter of Robert Rolle, Esq., and died in 
1661. 

ARTHUR FORTESCUE, ESQ., married Barbara, daughter of John Elford, Esq. 

HUGH FORTESCUE, ESQ., of Filleigh and Wear Gifford, married to Bridget, only 
daughter and heiress of Hugh Boscawen, Esq., of Tregothnan, Cornwall. 

SIR HUGH FORTESCUE, K.B., summoned to Parliament March 16th., 1721, as Lord 
Clinton, in right of his maternal grandfather, and created Baron Fortescue, of Castle 
Hill, Devonshire, July 5th., 1746, and EARL OF CLINTON, the Barony to revert, in 
default of male issue, to his half brother, which it did; namely, to 

MATTHEW FORTESCUE, ESQ., who succeeded as second BARON FORTESCUE. He married, 
June 8th., 1752, Anne, second daughter of John Campbell, Esq., of Cawdor Castle, 
Nairnshire, and died in 1785. 

HUGH FORTESCUE, third BARON FORTESCUE, F.S.A. and D.C.L., born March 12th., 
1753, who was created, September 1st., 1789, VISCOUNT EBRINGTON and EARL FORTESCUE. 
He married, May 10th., 1782, Hester, daughter of the Right Honourable George 
Grenville, and died June 16th., 1841. His elder son, 

HUGH FORTESCUE, second EARL FORTESCUE, K.G., LL.D., F.R.S., born February 
13th., 1783, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from April, 1839, to September, 1841, 
summoned to the House of Peers in his father's Barony of Fortescue, February 28th., 
1839, married, first, July 4th., 1817, Lady Susan Ryder, daughter of Dudley, first 
Earl of Harrowby, and had, with other children, he died September 14th., 1861, 

HUGH FORTESCUE, third EARL FORTESCUE, Viscount Ebrington of Gloucestershire, and 
Baron Fortescue, of Castle Hill, Devonshire, born April 4th., 1818, who was summoned 
to the House of Peers in his father's Barony of Castle Hill, December 5th., 1859. 
He married, March llth., 1847, Georgiana Augusta Charlotte Caroline, eldest 
daughter of the Right Honourable Lieutenant Colonel George Lionel Dawson Darner, 
and had, with other children, 

HUGH FORTESCUE, Viscount Ebrington, an officer in the Royal North Devon 
Militia, born April 16th., 1854. 



THICKET PRIORY, 

NEAli YORK, YORKSHIRE. DUNNINGTON-JEFFERSON. 



HERE was formerly the place then called Thikehed, or Thikeved, a Benedictine 
Nunnery, founded by Roger Fitz-Roger in the reign of King Richard the First. 

In the year 1542, King Henry the Eighth granted the site of the Priory to John 
Aske, with whose descendants it remained until the reign of Queen Mary, when it 
passed into the hands of the family of Robinson, from whom it was purchased in 
the year 1804 by 

JOSEPH DUNNINGTON, ESQ., whose son, 

THE REV. JOSEPH DUNNINGTON-JEFFERSON, took the latter additional sirname. 

The family of Jefferson owned property from the year 1680 in the parish of Hooke, 
near Goole, and that of Dunnington from the year 1696 in the adjoining township of 
West Cottingwith. 

The mansion was built in the years 184G and 1817, by Mr. Edward Blore, the 
well-known architect, of London. 

The above-named 

REV. JOSEPH DUNNINGTON- JEFFERSON, Prebendary of York, and Incumbent of Thor- 

gonby, Yorkshire, married, May 28th., 1839, Anna Merviuia, eldest daughter of Sir 

Henry Maghull Mervin Vavasour, Bart., and had with other children, an eldest son, 

JOSEPH JOHN DUNNINGTON-JEFFERSON, ESQ., J.P. for the East Riding of 

Yorkshire. 



The ancient family of Vavasour, of Spaldington, Yorkshire, now extinct in the 
male line, derived from 

SIR HENRY VAVASOUR, Knight, tempore Edward III., a scion of the family of 
Vavasour of Hazelwood, Yorkshire, also now extinct in the male line. His descent 
ended in the ninth generation with 

THOMAS VAVASOUR, ESQ., of Spaldington, whose only daughter and heiress, 

MARY VAVASOUR, of Spaldington, inherited the property at his decease in 1679. 
She married Sir Ralph Assheton, Bart., of Middleton, in Lancashire, and dying in 
1694, the eldest of their three daughters, coheiresses, 

ANNE VAVASOUR, of Spaldington, married Humphrey Trafford, Esq., of Trafford, 
and had, with other children who died without issue, a daughter, 



38 THICKET PRIORY. 

ELIZABETH TKAFFORD, of Spaldington, who married Mail Yates, Esq., of Mail, 
Lancashire, and dying in 1788, left three daughters, of whom the eldest coheiress, 

ANNE ASSHETON YATES, of Spaldington, married Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Nooth, 
of the Fourth Dragoon Guards. He assumed the name and arms of Vavasour, by 
sign manual, dated March 26th., 1791, and was created a Baronet of the United 
Kingdom, March 20th., 1801. He died March 15th., 1813, his only surviving child 
being the above-named Sir H. M. M. Vavasour, Bart. 






4 







SUNDORNE CASTLE, 

NEAR SHREWSBURY, SHROPSHIRE. CORBET-PIQOTT. 



OXE of a long shelf-full of presentation copies of the voluminous works of Sir 
Bernard Burke, the first and best of their kind, sent to me from time to time by 
him, is a small one, written for his children, entitled "The Sovereigns of England, 
from the Norman Conquest, in Rhyme." The short preface, addressed to them, 
begins with these words, "Believe me, the History of England is the most amusing 
of books far more interesting than Fairy Tales or Romances." 

Never was a more true word written or spoken. It is as true of it as of the Book 
of Nature, that 

"You may read, and read, and read again, 
And still find something new, 
Something to please, and something to instruct." 

Turn to what page you will, you will find the truth of this. Read straight on, or 
open a volume at random, it is always one and the same, in having always some- 
thing new and different on each and every page. Every variety of human character, 
from the most noble to the most base, is hero pourtrayed from the life. Every 
volume has its "chapter of accidents/' of "moving accidents by flood and field," 
and every here and there is some "ower true a tale," which moves the heart with 
pity, or makes the blood run cold. 

About two miles from Sundorne is :i spot called Battle Field, on which the great 
conflict of Shrewsbury was fought, in which Earl Douglas was taken prisoner, his 
horse having fallen as he was hurrying down Haugmond Hill. Now a Church has 
been built upon it, a peaceful contrast to the scene of war. 

The ruins of Haugmond Abbey, which formerly stood here, are still remaining 
on a rising ground, a forest bounding it on one side, and the other commanding 
a noble view over the great plain of Shrewsbury, with the town and castle, almost 
surrounded by the Severn. 

The house is of Gothic architecture, and was built in the year 1740, but has been 
considerably altered since. 

The entrance-hall is very large, and the staircase of richly carved oak. The library 
is fifty-two feet long, with a wide square recess, having a large mullioned window 
of stained glass. In an ante-drawing-room is a table filled with one hundred and 
twenty-eight different kinds of foreign marbles. 



40 SUNDORNE CASTLE. 

EICHARD PIGOTT, ESQ., married the daughter and heiress of Richard de Peshall, of 
Chetwynd, Shropshire, and with her acquired that fine estate. 

ROBERT PIGOTT, ESQ., of Chetwynd, High Sheriff of Shropshire in 1517, married 
Margaret, daughter of Sir John Blunt, Knight, of Kinlet. Their son, 

THOMAS PIGOTT, ESQ., of Chetwynd, was father of 

ROBERT PIGOTT, ESQ., of Chetwynd, High Sheriff of Shropshire in 1574, married 
Elizabeth, daughter of William Gatacre, Esq., of Gatacre, and had a large family. 
The eldest son, 

THOMAS PIGOTT, ESQ., of Chetwynd, High Sheriff of the County in 1615, married 
Dorothy, daughter of Thomas Eyton, Esq., of Eyton, and dying in 1620, was suc- 
ceeded by his son, 

WALTER PIGOTT, ESQ., of Chetwynd, High Sheriff of Shropshire in 1624. He 
married Katherine, daughter of Sir Richard Leveson, Knight, and had a son, 

THOMAS PIGOTT, ESQ., of Chetwynd, who married Anne, daughter of Ralph Sneyd, 
Esq., of Keele, Staffordshire. He died in 1665, and was followed by his son, 

WALTER PIGOTT, ESQ., of Chetwynd, married to Anne, daughter of Sir John Dryden, 
Bart., of Canons Ashby, Northamptonshire, and dying in 1669, was succeeded by his 
eldest son, 

ROBERT PIGOTT, ESQ., of Chetwynd, Sheriff of Salop in 1697, married to Frances, 
daughter of William Ward, Esq., brother of Edward, Lord Dudley and Ward. The 
eldest son, 

ROBERT PIGOTT, ESQ., of Chetwynd, and of Chesterton Hall, Huntingdonshire, born 
November 21st., 1699, married, first, Diana, daughter and coheiress of Richard Rocke, 
Esq., of Shropshire, but had no children. He married, secondly, Anne, daughter of 
Peers, Esq., of Criggion, Montgomeryshire, and died in May, 1770. His eldest 
son, 

ROBERT PIGOTT, ESQ., High Sheriff of Shropshire in 1774, of Chetwynd, sold that 
estate, and married, lived, and died abroad, July 7th., 1794, having a son who died 
before him. His brother, 

THE REV. WILLIAM PIGOTT, Rector of Chetwynd and Edgmond, married Arabella, 
daughter of John Mytton, Esq., of Halston, and had issue. He died March 7th., 
1811. The second son, the eldest having died, 

THE REV. JOHN DRYDEN PIGOTT, Rector of Edgmond, married, February 3rd., 1806, 
Frances, second daughter and coheiress of Henry Bevan, Esq., of Shrewsbury, and 
had a large family, of whom the eldest son, 

THE REV. JOHN DRYDEN PIGOTT, born April, 1808, became owner of Sundorne 
Castle at the death of Annabella, Lady Brinckman, January 23rd., 1864, and assumed, 
in 1865, the additional surname of CORBET. 



HOLKER HALL, 

NEAR CARTMEL, LANCASHIRE. DUKE OP DEVONSHIRE. 



HOLKER HALL is finely situated in the midst of a park of very diversified scenery, 
comprising rocky eminences, from which many splendid views are obtained on all 
sides. It extends on the south and west to the sands of the river Leven. 

The house has been altered and added to at different periods. 

It contains a number of family portraits, by Sir Peter Lely, Sir Joshua Reynolds, 
etc., and a variety of other pictures by the most celebrated of the old masters, 
among them being works of Rubens, Van Dyck, Spagnoletti, Nicholas Poussin, 
Neefs, Wouvermans, Hobbima, Teniers, Zucharelli, and others. 



The family of Cavendish, says Sir Bernard Burke in his "Peerage and Baronetage," 
had the foundation of its greatness laid by sharing in the plunder of the abbey 
lands seized on by King Henry the Eighth. 

In the fourteenth century lived 

SIR JOHN CAVENDISH, Chancellor of the University of Cambridge, who married 
Alice, daughter and heiress of John de Odyngseles. His younger son, 

SIB JOHN CAVENDISH, is stated to have been Esquire of the Body to Richard the 
Second, and his great great grandson, 

WILLIAM CAVENDISH. He married thrice; first, Margaret, daughter of Edmund 
Bostock, Esq., of Wolcroft, in Cheshire; secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas 
Conyngsby, Esq.; and thirdly, Elizabeth, daughter of John Hardwick, of Hardwick, 
in Derbyshire, and widow of Richard Barley, Esq., of the same shire, she being the 
eminent "Bess of Hardwick, whose large estates she inherited. Their second son, 

SIR WILLIAM CAVENDISH, K.B., inherited her three splendid estates, namely, 
Chatsworth, Hardwick, and Oldcotes, each of the mansions on them having been 
erected by her. He was raised to the Peerage as BARON CAVENDISH OF HARDWICKE, 
May 4th., 1605, and advanced to an Earldom as EARL OF DEVONSHIRE, August 2nd., 
1618. He married, first, Anne, daughter and coheiress of Henry Keigthley, Esq., 
of Keigthley, Yorkshire, and died March 3rd., 1625. His eldest son, the only one 
by his first wife, succeeded, namely, 

WILLIAM CAVENDISH, second EARL OP DEVONSHIRE, who married Christina, daughter 

VI. G 



42 HOLKER HALL. 

of Lord Bruce of Kinlosse, and at his death, in 1628, was followed by his eldest 

son, 

WILLIAM CAVENDISH, third EARL OF DEVONSHIRE. He wedded Elizabeth, daughter 
of William Cecil, Earl of Salisbury, his son, and successor, in 1684, being 

WILLIAM CAVENDISH, fourth EARL OF DEVONSHIRE, K.G., and Lord Steward of the 
Household, created, May 12th., 1694, Marquis of Hartington and DUKE OF DEVONSHIRE. 
He married Mary, second daughter of James, Duke of Ormonde. His Grace died 
August 18th., 1707, and was succeeded by his eldest son, 

WILLIAM CAVENDISH, second DUKE OF DEVONSHIRE, K.G. This nobleman married 
Rachel, daughter of William, Lord Russell, and had, with other issue, 

WILLIAM CAVENDISH, third DUKE OF DEVONSHIRE, Lord Steward of the Household 
in 1729, and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1737 1744, married, in 1718, to Catherine, 
only daughter and heiress of John Hoskins, Esq. He died December 5th., 1755, 
and was succeeded by his eldest son, 

WILLIAM CAVENDISH, K.G., fourth DUKE OF DEVONSHIRE, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 
in 1755, born in 1720, who had been called to the House of Peers June 13th., 
1751, in his father's Barony of Cavendish. He married, March 28th., 1748, Charlotte, 
Baroness Clifford, of Lanesborough, only daughter and heiress of Richard, Earl of 
Burlington and Cork, (by which union the Barony of Clifford, created by writ of 
Charles the First, in 1628, came into the family), and had, with other children, 
he died October 2nd., 1764, an eldest son, 

WILLIAM CAVENDISH, K.G., fifth DUKE OF DEVONSHIRE, born December 14th., 1748, 
married, first, June 6th., 1774, Georgina, daughter of John, Earl Spencer. He died 
July 29th., 1811, and was succeeded by his son, 

WILLIAM SPENCER CAVENDISH, sixth DUKE OF DEVONSHIRE, K.G., K.S.A., K.A.N., 
D.C.L., P.C., Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of Derbyshire, and High 
Steward of Derby, born May 21st., 1790, and died, unmarried, January 17th., 1858, 
when the Barony of Clifford fell into abeyance between his sisters, the Countesses 
of Carlisle and Granville, and the Dukedom, with the other titles, devolved on his 
Grace's cousin, 

WILLIAM CAVENDISH, EARL OP BURLINGTON, who succeeded as seventh DUKE OF 
DEVONSHIRE, K.G., P.C., F.R.S., D.C.L., Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of 
the County of Derby, High Steward of Cambridge, Chancellor of the University of 
Cambridge, a Senator of the London University, Steward of the Hundred of 
Amounderness, in Lancashire, born April 27th., 1808, married, August 6th., 1829, 
Lady Blanche Georgiana Howard, daughter of George, sixth Earl of Carlisle, and 
had, with other children, 

SPENCER COMPTON CAVENDISH, Marquis of Hartington, P.C., M.P., Colonel of 
the Second Derbyshire Militia, successively a Lord of the Admiralty, 
Secretary for War, Postmaster-General, and Chief Secretary for Ireland, 
born July 23rd., 1833. 



DUNSTER CASTLE, 

NEAR DUNSTER, SOMERSETSHIRE. FOWNES-LUTTRELL. 



IT is stated that the name of this place is derived from the words Dun, or Dune, 
a ridge of hills along a coast, and Torre, a tower; the latter, however, evidently 
came from the Latin word Turns. 

After the Norman Conquest, Dunster "was first held by 

SIR WILLIAM MOHUN, of the once potent family of that name, and next went to 
that of 

LUTTRELL. 

"The ancient castle, so far as we have the means of judging, was a quadrangle, 
while the keep was in all probability circular. The present castle was erected, in the 
reign of Queen Elizabeth, upon the site of the older building that is, upon the 
south-eastern side of the conical hill called the Torr, commanding a view of the 
whole length of the Fore Street, beyond which is Conigar Hill, whose crest and 
sides, to the extent of nearly thirty acres, are clothed with wood. The top of the 
hill is no more than a thin ridge, with the shell of a tower at its eastern extremity. 
The tower, which was built by a former Mr. Luttrell, is overgrown with ivy, has 
the appearance of being in ruins, and serves as a landmark to seamen navigating 
the British Channel." 

Iu the grounds is a remarkably fine lemon-tree, growing in the open air, requiring, 
however, to be protected during the winter months. 



HENRY FOWNES, ESQ., of Nethway House, Devonshire, married, in February, 1746, 
Margaret Luttrell, only child and heiress of Alexander Luttrell, Esq., of Dunster 
Castle, and she and her husband assumed the additional name and arms of LUTTRELL. 
They were succeeded by their eldest son, 

JOHN FOWNES-LUTTRELL, ESQ., of Dunster Castle, M.P. for Minehead, who married, 
August 3rd., 1782, Mary, eldest daughter of Francis Drewe, Esq., of Grange, Devon- 
shire, and by her had issue, with several other children, he died February 16th., 
1816,- 

JOHN FOWNES-LUTTRELL, ESQ., of Dunster Castle, J.P. and D.L., born August 26th., 
1787. He died unmarried in 1857, and was succeeded by his next brother, 



44 DUNSTER CASTLE. 

HENRY FOWNES-LUTTRELL, ESQ., of Dunster Castle, J.P., B.A. of Brasenose College, 
Oxford, M.P. for Minehead, 1816 to 1822, and a Commissioner of the Board of 
Audit from 1822 to 1849, born February 7th., 1790. He died October 6th., 1867, 
and was succeeded by his nephew, 

GEORGE FOWNES-LUTTRELL, ESQ., of Dunster Castle, J.P. and D.L., High Sheriff 
of Somersetshire in 1877, born September 27th., 1827, married, August 26th., 1852, 
Anne Elizabeth Periam Hood, youngest daughter of Sir Alexander Hood, Bart., 
M.P. for West Somersetshire, and had, with other children, 

ALEXANDER FOWNES-LUTTRELL, ESQ., Lieutenant in the Grenadier Guards, 
born June 5th., 1855. 



EASTWELL PARK, 

NEAR ASHFORD, KEXT. EARL OF WINCHILSEA. 

(THE RESIDENCE OP HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH.) 



THE grounds of Eastwell Park, about four miles north-east of Ashford, are 
extremely beautiful and picturesque. 

A noble mansion was erected here in 1546, towards the latter end of the reign of 
King Henry the Eighth, by the then owner. It was rebuilt by Mr. G. Finch-Hatton. 

The east window of the Parish Church contains some good painted glass, exhibiting 
the arms and badges of several distinguished characters. There is also a tomb with 
figures of Sir Moyle Finch and his wife, Elizabeth, Countess of Wiuchilsea, who 
died in 1633, and others of members of the Finch family. 

"Tradition has handed down a story of one of the workmen employed in building 
this mansion having claimed to be the son of Richard the Third. His account of 
himself is considered unworthy of credit; it, however, prevailed with the kind- 
hearted proprietor to allow him a piece of ground, with a small pension, which he 
enjoyed till his death, about four years afterwards. In the parish register appears 
the following entry: 'Richard Plantagenet was buried the 22nd. day of Dec., 1550;' 
but the tomb, said to have been erected to his memory, is evidently of a later date/' 

A model brig, sixty feet long, was launched on a lake in the park in 1848. 



WILLIAM FINCH, ESQ., of Netherfield, Sussex, High Sheriff of Sussex and Surrey 
in the 8th. of Henry VI., stated to be descended from Herbert, married Agues, 
daughter of Walter Roo, Esq., of Dartford, whose eldest son, 

JOHN FINCH, ESQ., alias HERBERT, dying issueless, was succeeded by his brother, 

HENRY FINCH, ESQ., of Netherfield, who married Alice, only daughter and heiress 
of Philip Belknapp, Esq., of the Moat, near Canterbury. His eldest son, 

SIR WILLIAM FINCH, Knight, distinguished in the French wars of Henry VIII., 
was married twice, first to Elizabeth, daughter of Sir James Crowmer, of Tunstal, 
and secondly to Catherine, daughter of Sir John Gaynsford, of Crowhurst. He was 
succeeded, at his decease, by the eldest son of the first wife, 

LAWRENCE FINCH, ESQ., who married Mary, daughter and heiress of Christopher 
Kemp, Esq., but dying without children, was followed by his brother, 



40 EASTWELL PARK. 

THOMAS FINCH, ESQ., who for his services against Sir Thomas Wyatt was made 
one of the Knights of the Carpet, October 2nd., 1553. He married Mary, elder 
daughter and coheiress of Sir Thomas Moyle, of Eastwell, Kent. His eldest son, 

SIR MOYLE FINCH, Knight, of Eastwell, was created a Baronet July 29th., 1611. He 
married Elizabeth, only daughter of Sir Thomas Heneage, of Copped Hall, Essex, 
who some years after his death was elevated to the Peerage, July 8th., 1623, as 
Viscountess Maidstone, and further raised, July 12th., 1628, as COUNTESS OF WINCHILSEA. 
His eldest son succeeded, on his decease in 1614, namely, 

SIE THEOPHILUS FINCH, who having no issue, the Baronetcy went to his brother, 

SIR THOMAS FINCH, who, on the death of his mother, March, 1633, inherited her 
Peerages as VISCOUNT MAIDSTONE and EARL OF WINCHILSEA. His Lordship married 
Cecilie, daughter of John Wentworth, Esq., and died in November, 1634. His 
eldest son was 

HENEAGE FINCH, second EARL OF WINCHILSEA, who for his staunch adherence to 
the Royal cause was created by Charles II. Baron Fitzlwrbert of Eastwell, Kent. He 
married four times, and had twenty-seven children, and was succeeded by a grandson, 

HENEAGE FINCH, third EARL OF WINCHILSEA, whose only son having died an infant, 
his honours reverted, at his decease, August 14th., 1712, to his uncle, 

HENEAGE FINCH, fourth EARL OF WINCHILSEA, who married Anne, daughter of Sir 
William Kingsmill, of Sidmonton, Hampshire, but died without issue, September 
30th., 1726, when the titles devolved on his half brother, 

JOHN FINCH, fifth EARL OF WINCHILSEA, at whose decease, without issue, September 
9th., 1729, the Barony of Fitzherbert expii-ed, while the Earldom and Viscountcy 
went to his kinsman, 

DANIEL FINCH, (second Earl of Nottingham and Baron Finch, a descendant of the 
first Baronet). His Lordship married twice, secondly, the Honourable Anne Hattoii, 
only daughter of Christopher Hatton, Viscount Hatton, by whom he had a large 
family, of whom the eldest son succeeded him, at his death, January 1st., 1729-30, 

DANIEL FINCH, seventh EARL OF WINCHILSEA and third EARL OF NOTTINGHAM. He 
married twice, but died in 1769, sine, prole, and was succeeded by his nephew, 

GEORGE FINCH, eighth EARL OF WINCHILSEA and fourth EARL OF NOTTINGHAM, who 
died unmarried, August 2nd., 1826, when the honours went to his cousin, 

GEORGE WILLIAM FINCH-HATTON, ninth EARL OF WINCHILSEA and fifth EARL OF 
NOTTINGHAM, born May 22nd., 1791, married, first, July 26th., 1814, to Lady Georgiana 
Charlotte Graham, eldest daughter of James Graham, third Duke of Montrose. 
He died January 8th., 1858. His eldest son, by his first wife, was 

GEORGE JAMES FINCH-HATTON, tenth EARL OF WINCHILSEA and sixth EARL OF 

NOTTINGHAM, born May 31st., 1815, married, August 6th., 1846, to Lady Constance 

Henrietta Paget, daughter of Henry, second Marquis of Anglesey, and had one son, 

GEORGE WILLIAM HENEAGE FINCH-HATTON, Viscount Maidstone, born December 

26th., 1852, and married, December 28th., 1876, to Louisa Augusta, 

daughter of Sir George Jenkinsou, Bart., died February 3rd., 1878. 



ACTON REYNALD HALL, 

NEAR SHREWSBURY, SHROPSHIRE. CORBET, BAKONET. 



IN Domesday Book this estate is given as belonging to one Rinaldus. 

The family of Corbet removed to it when their ancient residence of Moreton 
Corbet Castle was desti-oyed by Cromwell's soldiery about the year 1644. 

The present house was built in 1601, added to in 1625, again enlarged in 1800, 
and completed in 1834. 

It is built in the Elizabethan style, and stands on a gentle eminence sheltered 
from the north by a background of hills. It commands fine views over Shropshire 
to the Wrekin, taking in, in various directions, the Glee Hills, Lawley Hill, and 
Caradoc Hill, on the south and south-east; tho Longmynd Hill, towards the south- 
west; the Montgomeryshire Hills on the west; and the Grins Hill on the north- 
west: a thoroughly English scene altogether. 



This family is stated to be derived from 

HUGH CORBET, or COKBEAU, living in Normandy in 1040. The second of his four 
sons, 

ROGER CORBET, held, at the general survey, no fewer than twenty-four lordships 
in Shropshire. His sou, 

WILLIAM DE CORBET, of Caus Castle and Wattleborough, was father of 

SIR ROBERT DE CORBET, whose eldest son, 

THOMAS CORBET, was great grandfather of 

RICHARD CORBET, of Moretou Corbet. Thirteenth in descent from him was 

SIR VINCENT CORBET, Knight, of Moreton Corbet, living in 1606, who married 
Frances, daughter and heiress of William Humfreston, Esq., and had two sons, the 
elder of whom, 

SIR ANDREW CORBET, Knight, of Moreton Corbet, married Elizabeth, daughter of 
William Boothby, Esq., and at his decease, in 1637, left two sons, of whom the 
younger, 

RICHARD CORBET, ESQ., of Shawbury, on inheriting the estates of his grand-nephew, 
. Sir Vincent Corbet, Bart., in 1688, became of Moreton Corbet. He married Grace, 
daughter of Sir William Noel, of Kirkby Mallory, Leicestershire, and dying in 1690, 
was succeeded by his son, 



48 ACTON KEYNALD HALL. 

EICHAED CORBET, of Moreton Corbet, who married Judith, daughter of Sir John 
Bridgeman, Bart., and was succeeded, in 1718, by his son, 

ANDREW COBBET, ESQ., of Moreton Corbet. He wedded Frances, only daughter 
and heiress of William Prynce, Esq., of Shawbury, and dying in 1757, left, with 
other issue, an eldest son, 

ANDREW CORBET, ESQ., of Moreton Corbet, born in 1720, and died unmarried in 
1796. His brother inherited the estates, 

RICHARD PRYNCE CORBET, ESQ., of High Hatton and Moreton Corbet, born in 1735, 
married to Mary, daughter and heiress of John Wicksted, Esq., of Wem, Shropshire, 
and left an only son, he died January 30th., 1779, namely, 

ANDREW CORBET, ESQ., of Moreton Corbet, born December 17th., 1776, created a 
Baronet October 3rd., 1808. He married, in April, 1790, Mary, eldest daughter 
of Thomas Taylor, Esq., of Lymme Hall, in Cheshire, and left at his death, June 
6th., 1835, an eldest son, 

SIR ANDREW VINCENT CORBET, BARONET, of Moreton Corbet, born June 15th., 1800, 
who married, September 19th., 1820, Rachel Stephens, daughter of Colonel John 
Hill, of Hardwicke, and had two sous, besides daughters. The elder son succeeded, 
at his death, in September, 1855, as 

SIR VINCENT ROWLAND CORBET, BARONET, of Moreton Corbet, born August llth., 
1821, Lieutenant in the Royal Horse Guards Blue, and High Sheriff of Shropshire 
in 1862. He married, May 9th., 1854, Caroline Elizabeth Anne Agnes Bridgeman, 
third daughter of Vice Admiral the Honourable Charles Orlando Bridgeman, of 
Knocken Hall, Shropshire, and had, with other children, an eldest son, 

WALTER ORLANDO CORBET, a Lieutenant in the Coldstream Guards, born 
July llth., 1856. 



LEVENS HALL, 

NEAR HEVKRSHAM, WESTMORELAND. UPTON. 



LEVENS HALL is a venerable pile of building, built in the reign of Elizabeth. The 
gardens were laid out in that of James the Second, in the quaint style then pre- 
vailing, with straight walks and clipped yew hedges. The grounds are very beautiful 
and romantic, hanging over the river Kent, which runs through the estate. 

The banks of this stream are celebrated for the petrifying springs contained in 
them, by which plants and such like are encrusted. 

The property lies in the parish of Heversham. 

There are some old beech trees in the grounds of enormous size, as well as 
ancient thorn trees and venerable oaks studded about. 

The park is well stocked with fallow deer. 

There is an ancient round building, called Kirkstead, now in ruins, within it. 

It used to be the custom, but whether it is continued at the present time I do 
not know, for the Mayor and Corporation of the town of Kendal to meet together 
once a year, namely, on the 12th. of May, to spend the afternoon with the friends 
of the House of Levens, after having proclaimed the Pair at Milnthorpe, to eat 
radishes, drink "morocco," a very strong old ale, play at bowls, and engage in 
other amusements. 

The original name of this estate was Lefuenes. It was owned by 

UCHTRED, whose son, 

KETEL, sold it, in the year 1188, to 

NORMAN DE REDEMAN, with whose descendants it rested till the reign of Henry the 
Seventh. From them it was purchased by one of the family of 

BELLINGHAM, who held it till it was sold, about the year 1686, by 

ALAN BELLINGHAM, to 

COLONEL JAMES GRAHAM, one of Sir Walter Scott's "Grahams of Netherby Clan." 
His only daughter married 

HENRY BOWES HOWARD, EARL OF BERKSHIRE, whose grand-daughter, 

THE HONOURABLE FRANCES HOWARD, heiress of the property, married 

RICHARD BAGOT, ESQ., who assumed, in consequence, the surname of Howard. Of 
this marriage there was an only daughter, 

MARY (BAGOT) HOWARD, who married, in the year 1807, 

THK HONOURABLE FULKE GREVILLE UPTON, younger brother of the first Lord 

VI. H 



50 LEVENS HALL. 

Templetown, who thereupon exchanged his patronymic for that of HOWARD. He died 
March the 4th., 1846, and on the decease, in 1877, of his widow, the Honourable 
Mrs. Howard, just mentioned, the estate was inherited by her nephew, namely, 

THE HONOURABLE ARTHUR UPTON, brother of the second Lord Templetown, a 
General in the Army, and Colonel of the 107th. Regiment of Foot, who was born 
January 15th., 1807, and married, July 17th., 1866, the Honourable Elizabeth 
Frederica Blake, elder daughter of Joseph Henry, third Lord Wallscourt. 



NORMANHURST, 

NEAR BATTLE, SUSSEX. BRASSEY. 



THE name of Normanhurst is in good historical keeping with that of Battle, 
where William the Norman and Harold the Saxon fought out the fight which 
ended in the decisive way it did for the annals of Old England. 



THOMAS BRASSEY, ESQ., of Bulkeley and Buerton, in Cheshire, married, February 
10th., 1729, Mary, daughter of George Harrison, of Aldford, and left, at his decease, 
May 2nd., 1776, with other children, 

GEORGE BRASSEY, ESQ., of Buerton, (the fourth son), baptised May 31'st., 1744, 
married Elizabeth Jackson, of Traverton, and died November 13th., 1803, having 
had five sons, of whom the second, surviving, was 

JOHN BRASSEY, ESQ., of Buerton, born May 19th., 1778, married Elizabeth, daughter 
of Ralph Percival, of Haslington Hall, in Cheshire, and died January 28th., 1831, 
the eldest son being 

THOMAS BRASSEY, ESQ., of Bulkeley, born November 7th., 1805, who married, 
December 27th., 1831, Maria Farrington Harrison, daughter of Joseph Harrison, Esq., 
of Liverpool, and had, with other children, he died December 8th., 1870, 

THOMAS BRASSEY, ESQ., of Bulkeley Grange, Cheshire, and Normanhurst, Sussex, 
born February llth., 1836, M.A. of University College, Oxford, J.P. and D.L. for 
Sussex, a Barrister-at-Law, and Lieutenant commanding the London Brigade of 
Royal Naval Artillery Volunteers, contested the election for Birkenhead in 1861, 
and was returned for Devonport in 1865, and for Hastings in 1868. He married, 
October 9th., 1860, Anna, only child of John Allnutt, Esq., and had, with four 
daughters, a son, namely, 

THOMAS ALLNUTT BRASSEY, born March 7th., 1863. 

MABELLE ANNIE BRASSEY. 

CONSTANCE ALBERTA BRASSEY, died January 24th., 1873. 

MURIEL AGNES BRASSEY. 

MARIA ADELAIDE BRASSEY. 



52 NORMANHDRST. 

Mr. Brassey is the owner of the yacht the "Sunbeam," whose voyage round the 
world was chronicled in so interesting a manner by his wife, Mrs. Brassey. The 
only fault in such books is that they make their readers wish that they themselves 
could "be there to see" the "wonders of the world:" but then, "whatever is, is 
best," 



APLEY PARK, 

NEAR BRIDGNORTH, SHROPSHIRE. FOSTER. 



IT is impossible to pass in front of this grand place, so long the seat of the great 
Shropshire house of "Whitmore of Apley," a name as well and as widely known as 
that of the "Wrekin" itself, by the railway, for mile after mile, without being struck 
with its magnificence, the noble woods seeming as if they would never come to an 
end: "Old England for ever!" 

The present mansion, which is of large size, was built on the site of the old hall. 
The river Severn bounds the park on one side, and naturally adds its beauty to 
the scene. The terrace above is above a mile in length, and is wide enough for 
six carriages to pass abreast. It rises with hanging woods to a great height above 
the river, and commands a view of almost unrivalled extent and beauty. 



HUGH POSTER, of Nantwich, in the county of Chester, was father of 
HKNRY FOSTER, of Stourbridge, in Worcestershire, born in 1743, married Mary, 
widow of Gabriel Bradley, of Stourbridge, daughter of Hadeu, by whom, at his 
death, January 29th., 1811, he left four children, two sons and two daughters, 
namely, 

WILLIAM FOSTER, of whom next. 

JAMES FOSTER, of Stourton Castle, Staffordshire, High Sheriff of Worcester- 
shire in 1840, M.P. for Bridgnorth, acquired an immense fortune as an 
ironmaster. He died, unmarried, April 12th., 1853. 
MARY FOSTER, died unmarried. 
LUCY FOSTER, died unmarried. 
The elder son, 

WILLIAM FOSTER, ESQ., of Wordsley. House, afterwards of Stourton Court, Stafford- 
shire, born in 1784, married Charlotte, daughter of John Orme, of Dulwich. He 
died September 26th., 1860, having had, with other children, an eldest son, 

WILLIAM ORME FOSTER, ESQ., J.P. and D.L., M.P. for Staffordshire, High Sheriff 
of the County of Wexford in 1876, inherited the chief portion of the very large 
fortune of his uncle, and purchased Apley Park of the Whitmore family in 1868, 



54 APLEY PARK. 

born in 1819, married, in 1843, Isabella, daughter of Henry Grazebrook, Esq., of 

Liverpool, and had, with other children, 

WILLIAM HENEY FOSTER, ESQ., born April 9th., 1846, D.L., M.P. for Bndg- 
north married March 7th., 1874, Henrietta Grace, daughter of Henry 
Sandford Pakenham Mahon, Esq., of Strokestown, in the county 
Roscommon, and had issue. 



DALTON HALL, 

NEAR BEVERLEY, YORKSHIRE. LORD HOTHAM. 



DALTON HALL is very pleasantly situated in a well-wooded park, the surrounding- 
district being valuable farming land in the very highest state of cultivation. The 
house has been greatly improved, at a large expense, by the present noble owner, 
the fifth of the title. 



This is one of those many families which derives its name from the place where 
some early ancestor lived and died. 

PETER DE MALO LACU is stated to have been the father of 

JOHN HOTHAM, who assumed the surname from the village so called in the East 
Riding of Yorkshire. Fifth in descent from him was 

SIR JOHN DE HOTHAM, Knight, living in the reign of Henry V. He was father of 

SIK JOHN DE HOTHAM, Knight, whoso son, 

JOHN DE HOTHAM, was father of 

SIR JOHN DE HOTHAM, Knight, tempore Edward IV. The succession after him was 
as follows: 

SIR JOHN HOTHAM, Knight. 

SIR FRANCIS HOTHAM, Knight. 

SIR JOHN HOTHAM, Knight. 

SIR JOHN HOTHAM, Knight, Governor of Hull in the reign of Charles I., and 
beheaded by the Cromwellians for corresponding with the Royalists. He had been 
created a Baronet, January 14th., 1621. He married four times, but having no son 
to survive him, his eldest son being also beheaded with himself on Tower Hill, 
was succeeded by his grandson, 

SIR JOHN HOTHAM, BARONET. 

SIR JOHN HOTHAM, BARONET, at whose decease sine prole in 1691, the title reverted 
to his cousin, son of the Rev. Charles Hothain, Rector of Wigau, namely, 

SIR CHARLES HOTHAM, BARONET, Colonel of Dragoons, and M.P. for Beverley. 

SIR CHARLES HOTHAM, BARONET, Colonel of the Horse Grenadier Guards, a Groom 
of the Bedchamber, and M.P. for Beverley. 

SIR CHARLES HOTHAM, BARONET, also a Groom of the Bedchamber, died in 1767, 
and was succeeded by his uncle, 

SIR BEAUMONT HOTHAM, BARONET. 



56 DALTON HALL. 

SIR CHARLES HOTHAM, BARONET, followed by his next brother, 

THE RIGHT REV. SIR JOHN HOTHAM, BARONET, Lord Bishop of Clogher. 

SIR CHAKLES HOTHAM, BARONET, whose uncle succeeded him, 

THE RIGHT HONOURABLE SIR WILLIAM HOTHAM, BAKONET, Admiral of the White, 
created BARON HOTHAM, of South Dalton, in the Peerage of Ireland, March 7th., 1797, 
in consideration of his gallant achievements as a naval commander. His Lordship 
died May 2nd., 1813, when the honours devolved on his brother, 

SIR BEAUMONT HOTHAM, Knight, one of the Barons of the Exchequer, who succeeded 
as second LORD HOTHAM and to the Baronetage. He married, in 1767, Susannah, 
second daughter of Sir Thomas Hankey, Knight, and widow of James Norman, Esq. 
On his death, March 4th., 1814, he was succeeded by his grandson, 

SIR BEAUMONT HOTHAM, third LORD HOTHAM, and a Baronet, a General in the 
Army, born August 9th., 1794. He was engaged at Waterloo, Salamanca, Vittoria, 
Nivelle, and Nive. He was for some considerable time M.P. for Leominster, 1820 
to 1841, and afterwards, nearly till his death, December 12th., 1870, for the East 
Riding of Yorkshire. Lord Hotham rebuilt at his own cost, towards 30,000, the 
Parish Church of South Dalton, now called Daltonholme, a small hamlet of the latter 
name having been conjoined to it. The splendid spire of this church is a very con- 
spicuous object for many a long mile over the Wolds and towards Holderness. He 
was succeeded by his nephew, (son of his brother, the Honourable George Frederick 
Hotham, Rear Admiral R.N., born October 20th., 1799, who married, in 1824, Lady 
Susan Maria O'Brien, eldest daughter and coheiress of William O'Brien, Marquis of 
Thomond, and had several children, all of whom died unmarried, except a daughter, 
the Honourable Susan Frances Hotham, married, June 6th., 1877, to the Rev. A. C. 
Jackson, Curate of Horsham, and two sons, successors to the title,) namely, 

CHARLES HOTHAM, fourth LORD HOTHAM, and a Baronet, Knight of the Medjidie, 
a Captain in the Royal Navy, born May 29th., 1836, died unmarried, May 29th., 
1872, and was succeeded by his brother, 

JOHN HOTHAM, fifth LORD HOTHAM, and a Baronet, born May 13th., 1838. 




Q 
EH 

m 

a 



HEMSTED PARK, 

NEAE STAPLEHURST, KENT. VISCOUNT CEANBROOK. 



THE present house, which, was begun in 1859, is built of brick and Corsham 
stone, in the style of the architecture of the reign of James the First. It has a 
tower about a hundred feet high, from which, on a clear day, a magnificent view 
is obtained, not only of the neighbouring country, but even of the French coast 
and a wide extent of sea, which is also to be seen in some directions from the 
lower windows. 

It stands nearly at the summit of the Weald of Kent, and the top of the tower 
is probably the highest point in the county. 

Trees of all kinds grow well, the oak especially, being natural to the soil. There 
are some fine specimens of trees of modern introduction into the kingdom, such 
as the Wellingtonia, etc., etc. 

Hemsted is in the parish of Benenden, but is a manor of itself. 

ROBERT DE HEMSTED was the owner of this place in the reign of Henry the Third, 
either deriving his name from, or giving it to it. It next became the property of 

JAMES DE ECHYNGHAM, who paid aid for it in the tenth year of that of Edward the 
Third, on the making the Black Prince a knight. Following him, 

SIR ROBEUT BELKNAP, Knight, Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas in the 
reign of King Richard the Second, became possessed of it, but, as an adherent of 
his, was attainted by Bolingbroke on coming to the throne, and the estate was 
estreated to the Crown. The new king granted it to 

WILLIAM DE GULDEFORD, High Sheriff of the County, who made great additions to 
the mansion. One of his descendants entertained Queen Elizabeth here for three 
days. Afterwards, 

ROBERT GULDEFORD, in the reign of Queen Anne, sold it, under an Act of Parlia- 
ment, to 

SIR JOHN NORRIS, Knight, Admiral of the Fleet, and Vice Admiral of England. 
It remained in his family till 

JOHN NORRIS, ESQ., in the year 1780, had it sold in like manner by an Act of 
Parliament, the purchaser being 

THOMAS HALLET HODGES, ESQ., Sheriff of the County in 1786, of whose descendant 
it was purchased by 

GATHORNE HARDY, ESQ. 

VI. I 



58 HEMSTED PARK. 

JOHN HARDY, ESQ., of Bradford, Yorkshire, was father of, by his wife, Annis 
Atkinson, to whom he was married, November 19th., 1770, he died, June 3rd., 
1806, 

JOHN HARDY, ESQ., of Dunstall Hall, Staffordshire, a Bencher of the Inner Temple, 
M.P. "for Bradford from 1833 to 1847, married, August 16th., 1804, Isabel, daughter 
of Richard Gathorne, Esq., of Kirkby Lonsdale, Westmoreland, and had three sons 
and nine daughters. The sons were, 

JOHN HAEDY, ESQ., of Dunstall Hall, M.P. for Midhurst 1859, for Dart- 
mouth 1860 to 1868, and for South Warwickshire 1868 to 1874. 
CHARLES HARDY, ESQ., of Odsall House, Bradford, Yorkshire, and Chilham 

Castle, Kent, J.P., D.L. 
GATHORNE HARDY, ESQ. 
The youngest son, 

GATHORNE HARDY, ESQ., of Hemsted Park, Kent, P.C., J.P. and D.L. for the West 
Riding of Yorkshire, and J.P. for the County of Kent, M.A., M.P. for and D.C.L. 
of the University of Oxford, born October 1st., 1814, married, March 29th., 1838, 
Jane, third daughter of James Orr, Esq., of Ballygowan, and afterwards of Hollywood 
House, in the County of Down. 

"This eminent statesman, educated at Shrewsbury School and University College, 
Oxford, B.A. 1837, was called to the Bar in 1840, and became a Bencher of the 
Inner Temple. He was elected M.P. for Leominster in 1856, and represented that 
constituency until 1865, when he was returned for the University of Oxford. He 
filled successively the offices of Secretary of State for the Home Department, 1858- 
1859; President of the Poor Law Board. 1866-1867; Secretary of State for the 
Home Department, 1867-1868; Secretary for War, from 1874 to 1878; and Secretary 
of State for India, 1878 to 1880. In that year he was raised to the Peerage as 
VISCOUNT CRANBROOK, of Hemsted, Kent, and by Royal License obtained for himself 
and his heirs the additional surname and arms of Gathorne." The eldest son, 

JOHN STEWART GATHORNE HARDY, ESQ., of Camden Hill, Kent, M.P. for Rye, 
1868, J.P. and D.L. for Kent, educated at Eton College and Christ 
Church, Oxford, Lieutenant in the Rifle Brigade, born March 22nd., 1839, 
married, June 27th., 1867, Cecily Marguerite Wilhelmina, daughter of 
Joseph Ridgeway, Esq., of Brandfold, Kent. His eldest son, 
GATHORNE HAEDY, was born December 18th., 1870. 



POWIS CASTLE, 

NEAR WELSHPOOL, MONTGOMERYSHIRE. EARL OP POWIS. 



Powis CASTLE is a venerable pile of building, and from it, being on high ground, 
a variety of views of great extent are obtained over the valley of the Severn. 

It is built of the red stone of the country. 

Within the house the principal gallery is one hundred and seventeen feet long. In 
another are a number of family portraits. A separate room also contains many 
valuable paintings by the most celebrated masters. 

The park, of an undulated character, is adorned with a quantity of fine timber. 



EICHARD OLIVE, of Styche, in the county of Salop, stated to be twelfth in descent 
from Henry de Clive, of Olive, married Margaret, daughter of Sir Richard Corbet, 
of Moreton Corbet, and had several children, of whom the eldest son, 

RICHAED CLIVE, of Styche, living in the reign of King Henry the Eighth, married 
Jane, sister of Sir William Brereton, Knight, of Brereton, and died in 1573, leaving, 
with daughters, one son, 

SIR GEORGE CLIVE, of Styche, Chancellor of the Exchequer in Ireland, who married 
Susannah, daughter of Henry Copinger, Esq., of Buxhall, Suffolk, and had two sons. 
The second, 

AMBROSE OLIVE, ESQ., of Styche, married Alice, daughter of T. Townshend, Esq., 
of Brackenack, Norfolk, and had 

ROBERT CLIVE, ESQ., of Styche, M.P. in the Long Parliament, who married Mary, 
daughter of Sir E. Abyn, Knight. Their son, 

GEORGE CLIVE, ESQ., married Mary, daughter and heiress of Martin Husbands, 
Esq., of Wormbridge, Hertfordshire, and died in the lifetime of his father, so that 
his son succeeded, 

ROBERT CLIVE, ESQ., of Styche, married to Elizabeth, daughter of R. Arnphlett, 
Esq., of The Four Ashes, Warwickshire, and left 

RICHARD CLIVE, ESQ., of Styche, M.P. for Montgomeiyshire in several successive 
Parliaments. He married Rebecca^ daughter and coheiress of Nathaniel Gaskell, Esq., 
of Manchester, and had, with daughters, two sons, of whom the elder was 

ROBERT OLIVE, ESQ., K.C.B., born February 24th., 1726, who for his splendid 
services in India, at Pondicherry, Arcot, and Plassey, etc., was elevated to the Peerage 



HAWKESTONE, 

NEAR HODNET, SHROPSHIRE. VISCOUNT HILL. 



THIS is described as a domain of singular beauty; cragged rocks, hill and dale, 
wood and water, all contributing in turn to set it off. 

In the grounds are the remains of Red Castle, connected with the history of the 
family during the civil war; and on the highest part of a noble terrace is a 
column one hundred feet in height, bearing a statue of Sir Rowland Hill, the 
first Lord Mayor of London of the Reformed Church. 

There was a tradition in ancient times, as stated by Camden, that the Britons 
had here a city; and afterwards the Romans appear to have had an encampment 
or town also. 

Within doors, the house, which was considerably altered in the reign of Queen 
Anne, and again in 1832, contains some splendid historical and other paintings and 
portraits, in the spacious and handsome dining room. In the south wing are the 
private chapel and the library, the former being said to be one of the most elegant 
in the kingdom. There is also a museum, containing specimens of nearly every 
British Bird. 

The estate was formerly held by a family of the same name, one of whom, Sir 
George Hawkstone, of Hawkstone, was High Sheriff for the county in the year 1416. 



HUMPHREY HILL, of Buntingale, tempore Henry V., married Agnes, daughter and 
coheiress of John Bird. Their second son, 

RALPH HILL, married the daughter of Thomas Green, of Green's Norton, and had 
two sons, of whom 

HUMPHREY HILJ,, of Adderley, was great grandfather of 

ROWLAND HILL, ESQ., of Hawkestone, married to Margaret, daughter of Richard 
Whitehall, Esq., and had three sons. The second, 

SIR RICHAKD HILL, P.C., living in the reigns of King William III., Queen Anne, 
and George I., died unmarried, leaving much of his large fortune between his two 
nephews, Samuel Barber and Thomas Horwood, who both assumed the surname of 
HILL, the son of the former being elevated to the Peerage as LORD BERWICK, but 
the Hawkestone estate went to his nephew and heir-at-law, 



62 HAWKESTONE. 

ROWLAND HILL, ESQ., High Sheriff of Shropshire in 1772, and M.P. for Lichfield 
in 1734, who was created a Baronet January 20th., 1726-7. He married twice, his 
first wife (1732) being Jane, daughter of Sir Brian Broughton, Bart. He died in 
1783. His eldest son, 

SIK EICHAED HILL, BARONET, M.P. for Shropshire for a long period, died unmarried, 
November 28th., 1809, when the title devolved on his next brother, 

SIE JOHN HILL, BARONET, born August 1st., 1740, who married Mary, daughter 
and coheiress of John Clarke, Esq., of Petton, Shropshire, and had thirteen children. 
He died in 1824. His eldest son, 

JOHN HILL, ESQ., born in 1769, married, in 1795, Elizabeth Rhodes Cornish, 
daughter of Philip Cornish, Esq., and dying before his father, (who died in 1824), 
January 27th., 1814, his eldest son, 

SIB ROWLAND HILL, BARONET, born in 1800, succeeded his grandfather as Baronet, 
and his uncle, (his father's next brother ROWLAND, G.C.B., who had been created 
BAEON HILL, and afterwards VISCOUNT HILL, for his eminent military services in the 
Peninsular war), as second VISCOUNT HILL. He married, July 21st., 1831, Anne, 
only child and heiress of Joseph Clegg, Esq., of Peploe Hall, Shropshire, and at his 
death, January 2nd., 1875, was succeeded by the elder of his two sons, namely, 

SIR RICHARD CLEGG CLEGG-HILL, fifth BARONET, and third VISCOUNT HILL, J.P. and 
D.L. for Shropshire, some time M.P. for North Shropshire, and Major in the North 
Shropshire Yeomanry Cavalry, born December 5th., 1833, married, May 3rd., 1855, 
Mary, daughter of William Madax, Esq., and by her, who died January 7th., 1874, 
had two sons, 

ROWLAND RICHARD, born February 12th., 1863. 
FRANCIS WILLIAM, born November 4th., 1866. 



HOWICK HALL, 

NEAR ALNWICK, NORTHUMBERLAND. EARL GREY. 



HOWICK HALL is very pleasantly situated by the Northumbrian coast, on the bank 
of a brook that winds round the lawn in front. 

The old Tower of Howick, mentioned by Lelaud, still remains. The present house 
was built towards the close of the eighteenth century. 

The church, and a free school for the children of the tenantry of the estate, were 
built by one of the former owners, Sir Henry Grey, Baronet, who also endowed the 
latter with ten pounds per annum, increased afterwards by Mrs. Magdalen Grey with 
a rent-charge of thirteen pounds a year. 



SIR JOHN GREY, Knight, of Berwick, living in 1372, was father of 

SIR THOMAS GREY, Knight, of Berwick and Chillingham, who died in 1402, leaving 
issue by Jane, daughter of John Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk. The second sou, 

SIR THOMAS GREY, Knight, of Werke, married Alice, daughter of Ralph Neville, 
Earl of Westmoreland, and had four sous, of whom the third, and eventual heir, 

SIR RALPH GREY, Knight, married Elizabeth, daughter of Henry, Lord Fitzhugh. 
Their great grandson, 

SIR RALPH GREY, Knight, of Chilliugham, married Isabel, daughter and coheiress 
of Sir Thomas Grey, Knight, of Horton, Northumberland, and had four sons, the 
third of whom, 

SIR EDWARD GREY, Knight, of Howick, Northumberland, married Catherine, daughter 
of Roger 17 Estrange, Esq., of Hunstantou, in Norfolk, and died in 1632. He was 
father of 

PHILIP GREY, ESQ., married to a daughter of Westwood of Westwood, in North- 
umberland, and had 

EDWARD GREY, ESQ., (successor to his grandfather), of Howick. He married the 
daughter of Martin Fenwick, Esq., of Kenton, and had, with other children, he 
died in 1653, an eldest son, 

PHILIP GREY, ESQ., of Howick, who died unmarried. His next brother, 

JOHN GREY, ESQ., married Dorothy Lisle, of Acton, in Northumberland, and had, 
with four daughters, an only son, 



64 HOWICK HALL. 

JOHN GREY, ESQ., of Howick, successor to his uncle. This gentleman married Miss 
Pearson, and had three sons. The eldest, 

HENRY GREY, ESQ., of Howick, High Sheriff of the County in 1736, who was 
created a Baronet January llth., 1746, married Hannah, daughter of Thomas Wood, 
Esq., of Falloden, in Northumberland, and had, with other children, he died in 
1749, 

SIR HENRY GREY, second Baronet, who died unmarried in 1808. His next surviving 
brother, 

SIR CHARLES GREY, K.B., P.C., born in 1729, a Major-General in the Army, was 
elevated to the Peerage, June 23rd., 1801, by the title of BARON GREY DE HOWICK, 
and was further advanced to the dignity of an Earldom, April llth., 1806, as VISCOUNT 
HOWICK and EARL GREY. He married in 1762, Elizabeth, daughter of George Grey, 
Esq., of Southwick. He had been wounded at the battle of Minden. He died 
November 14th., 1807. His eldest son, 

CHARLES GREY, K.G., second Earl and third Baronet, born March 12th., 1764, had 
been M.P. for Northumberland from 1786, and became First Lord of the Admiralty, 
and afterwards First Lord of the Treasury. He married, November 18th., 1794, 
Mary Elizabeth, only daughter of the first Lord Ponsonby, of Imokilly, and left at 
his decease, July 17th., 1845, an eldest son, of thirteen children, 

HENRY GEORGE GREY, third EARL GREY, and fourth Baronet, Secretary for the 
Colonies from 1846 to 1852, born December 28th., 1802, married, August 9th., 1832, 
to Maria, daughter of Sir Joseph Copley, Baronet, of Sprotborough, Yorkshire. Her 
Ladyship died September 14th., 1879. 



HA WARDEN CASTLE, 

NEAR MOLD, FLINTSHIRE. GLADSTONE. 



IN the olden times here was a stronghold of the Saxons, and at the date of the 
Conquest it was in the hands of 
EDWIN, KING OP DEIRA. 

It was then comprehended in the grant made to 
LUPUS, and was afterwards held under the tenure of Seueschalship by the family of 

MONTALT, Or DB MoNTE ALTO. 

In after times, in the wars between the Welsh and the English, it more than 
once had a change of owners, and, amongst others of these, one was 

DAVID, THE WELSH PRINCE, but after his death on the scaffold, it went, through 
various other possessors, to the family of 

STANLEY, by whom it was held till the time of the Civil War, when the castlo 
suffered seriously more than once, and on the beheading of the then Earl of Derby 
in the fight at Worcester in 1651, it was bought by 

MR. SERJEANT GLYNNE,. who afterwards attained the dignity of Lord Chief Justice. 
His subsequent successor, 

SIR JOHN GLYNNE, rebuilt the house, on a new site, of plain brick, in 1752, and 
it was further altered, and cased with stone in the castellated style, in the year 1819, 
by the then proprietor. On the death of the last of the family, 

SIR STEPHEN RICHARD GLYNNE, BARONET, the estate went, by the marriage of his 
eldest daughter, to that of 

GLADSTONE. 

JOHN GLADSTONES, of Toft-Combes, near Biggar, Lanarkshire, married Janet Aitken. 
Their son, 

THOMAS GLADSTONES, of Leith, married Helen, daughter of Walter Neilson, Esq., of 
Springfield, and died in 1809. His eldest son, 

SIR JOHN GLADSTONE, born December llth., 1764, dropped the final s in his name 
by Royal Licence, February 10th., 1835, and was created a Baronet, June 27th., 
1846. He married, in 1792, Jane, daughter of Joseph Hall, Esq., of Liverpool, 
which lady died in 1798. He married, secondly, April 29th., 1800, Anne, daughter 
of Andrew Robertson, Provost of Dingwall, in Rosshire, and died in December, 1851, 
having had four sous and two daughters. The fourth son, 

VI. K 



66 HAWARDEN CASTLE. 

THE EIGHT HONOURABLE WILLIAM EWAET GLADSTONE, P.C., D.C.L., M.A. of Christ 
Church, Oxford, born December 29th., 1809, was appointed, after having filled several 
other minor offices, Secretary of State for the Colonies iu 1845, Chancellor of the 
Exchequer in 1852, and again in 1859, First Lord of the Treasury from 1868 to 
1874, and again, as also Chancellor of the Exchequer, in 1880, having been succes- 
sively M.P. for Newark, for the University of Oxford, for South Lancashire, Greenwich, 
and Midlothian. He married, July 25th., 1839, Catherine, eldest daughter and heiress 
of Sir Stephen Richard Glynne, Baronet, of Hawarden Castle, and had four sons and 
four daughters, the eldest son being 

WILLIAM HENKY GLADSTONE, M.A., M.P. for Whitby, and afterwards for 
East Worcestershire, 1880, a Lord of the Treasury from 1869 to 1874, 
born June 3rd., 1840, married, September 30th., 1875, the Honourable 
Gertrude Stuart, youngest daughter of Lord Blantyre. 




23 



WARTER PRIORY, 

NEAR POCKLINGTON", YOKKSHIEE. WILSON. 



IT is a well-known remark, and a true one, that the old Abbeys, the remains of 
which still demand so much deserved admiration, were placed in the most attractive 
situations in the country. 

I know of but few exceptions to this all but universal rule, such as Thorney 
Abbey, in Nottinghamshire, which stands on a perfectly flat plain, though even this, 
as I remarked in the preface to theso volumes, "gives it a character and beauty of 
its own," and Thornton Abbey, near Grimsby, Lincolnshire, also on like level 
ground; so, too, Meaux Abbey, in Holderness. There is again, though very differently 
placed, Whitby Abbey, built on a baro and bleak height, looking out, on one side, 
on our eastern ocean, and on the other over the Yorkshire Moors, though not without 
many views from it of gi-eat beauty. 

The remark I have just made, applies, as in so many other cases, to the one now 
before us, namely, Warter Priory, or rather to the site of it, for not a vestige of 
the old building remains, having been very beautifully situated near the village 
that still bears the name, surrounded by a variety of higher and lower hills of 
divers shapes, and close by a wide-spread spring of never-failing water, the 
source of a small stream which thence takes its winding way down the . valley to 
Nuuburnholme, two miles distant. 

At the latter small village was formerly also a Nunnery, whence the name, which 
originally, as in old documents still, was Burnholme, the "homo" by the side of 
the burn or stream. 

Just midway between the two, and very beautifully situated on the side of a hill, 
the highest in the East Riding, and well wooded in all directions, the house now 
called Warter Priory stands, in the midst of a park of most pleasantly undulated 
and well timbered grounds. 

There is no doubt that the parish of Warter derives its name from the spring 
of water I have spoken of, being often still so spelled, and it is to this day, in 
dry seasons, the invaluable source of a supply of water to the whole of the Wolds 
for many miles in all directions. 

The estate, consisting of between eight and nine thousand acres, was sold in the year 
1878 by Lord Muncaster, who preferred living entirely at his more ancestral place 
of Muncaster Castle, Cumberland, to Charles Henry Wilson, Esq., M.P. for Hull. 



68 WARTER PRIORY. 

England is proud, and may well be proud, o her "Merchant Princes/' whose 
name, as a class, is one throughout the world with honour and probity. 

In great variety are their pursuits, but none of them, assuredly, are more bound 
up with the character of the country than those who "go down to the sea in ships 
and occupy their business in great waters." 

Nor are they of yesterday. The "Ancient Mariner" has been part and parcel of 
the history of the land for many a long hundred years before the day on which 

" King Henrye rode to take the ayre, 

Over the river of Thames past hee, 
When eighty merchants of England came, 
And downe they knelt upon their knee." 

The rest of their story is before us in the old ballad of "Sir Andrew Barton, 
Knight," the Scotch Rover, which gives the account of his defeat and death at the 
hands of the gallant Sir James and Sir Edward Howard, the latter of whom was 
made, for his valour, the king's "High Ammiral," 

" Nowe hath your Grace two ships of war, 
Before in England was but one." 

The "Great Harry," I suppose. Even so, in these days, the number of our Royal 
Navy, large as it is, can any day be doubled, and more than doubled, again and 
again, by the splendid ships of our great merchants, who would come forward with 
them in a moment should their services ever be required, which, however, may GOD 
forbid they ever should. 

This may well be seen to be so when in the case of the gentleman before 
mentioned, no fewer than some fifty-five steamships are owned by himself and his 
brother, making the largest fleet of steamers in the world owned by a private firm, 
and trading to the Scandinavian, North Sea, Baltic, Black Sea, Mediterranean, and 
Atlantic ports, from "the Kingston that is upon Hull." 



Mr. Wilson, the owner of Warter Priory and estate, is a younger son of the late 
Mr. Thomas Wilson and Susannah West Wilson, of Cottingham and Hull, and 
married, October 5th., 1871, Florence Jane Helen Wellesley, daughter of Colonel 
Wellesley, late of the 7th. Fusiliers, and has five children, two sons and three 
daughters. 

CHARLES HENKY WELLESLEY WILSON, born January 24th., 1875. 
GUY GBEVILLE WILSON, born May 19th., 1877. 

Mr. Wilson was returned at the election for Hull in 1874, in the Liberal interest, 
and also at that in 1880. He has brought in Bills for the closing of public houses 
on Sunday, and is a strong supporter of all legislative measures for lessening the 
evils of the traffic in intoxicating liquors, and also for the total suppression of 
experiments on living animals. His youngest brother and partner is the Master of 
the Holderness Foxhounds. 




pa 
o 



KNOLE, 

NEAR SEVENOAKS, KENT. LORD SACKVILLE. 



To call Knole a Baronial place or mansion, is by no means to do it justice, far, 
very far from it indeed, as no one can but say who has seen it, as I have, though 
now many years ago, but any such length of time makes no difference in a case of 
this kind, where not only the house itself, but its furniture has been preserved iu 
statu quo, exactly as it was in centuries passed by. 

Some notion of the contents of the house may be formed by the mention of the 
fact that the paintings alone number no fewer than three hundred and six. This 
precludes even the mere mention of their subjects or of the individual painters of 
them, many of these the so-called old masters, and in not a few instances, several 
by one and the same of the most eminent of them. Many also of the portraits, 
(among which I may briefly mention those of Martin Luther, Thomas Cranmer the 
Archbishop, Cardinal Wolsey, Milton, Oliver Cromwell, Queen Elizabeth, Queeri Mary, 
John Wickliffe the Reformer, Roger Bacon, Sir Thomas More, Bishop Fisher, King 
Henry VIII., Anne Boleyn, a miniature, Bishop Gardiner, the Countess of Desmond, 
stated to have lived to 140, Admiral Blake, Archbishop Bancroft, Archbishop Whitgift, 
the Duke of Alva, etc.,) the names of the painters of which are not known, are 
believed to have been by the great masters, such as Holbein, and still more by 
his pupils and those of others. 

The following are among the names of those which are known: Sir Godfrey 
Kneller, Sir Thomas Lawrence, Hermskirk, C. Jansen, Holbein, Murillo, Salvator 
Rosa, Vandyke, Albert Cuyp, Sir Peter Lely, Rembrandt, Bassano, Corregio, Guercino, 
Domenichino, Mignon, A. Caracci, Tintoretto, Mytens, Gainsborough, Hondckoeter, 
Rubens, Schedoni, Sanders, Soest, Parinegiauo, Teniers, Old Stone. 

The following coats of arms of families which had married with the Sackvilles are 
on glass in the windows: Clifford, Howard, Baker, Bruges, Boleyn, Digges, Brown, 
Culpepper, Nowers, Dalingridge, Arundell, De la Beech, Mortimer, Malyns, Aguillon, 
Hastings, Normanville, Brook, Vere, Don, Woodville. 

The King's Bed-room, so called, was fitted up for James the First, the cost being 
20,000, of which the state bed cost 8,000. 



The following is a catena of the names of the different families who have in 
succession held this ancient seat: 



70 KNOLE. 

BALDWIN DE BETHUN. 

WILLIAM MARESCHAL, Earl of Pembroke, one of the twenty-five Barons who com- 
pelled King John to give the Magna Charta. 

HUGH BIGOD, Earl of Norfolk. 

OETHO DE GRANDISON. 

GEOFFRY DE SAY. 

EALPH LEGHE. 

JAMES FIENNES. 

THOMAS BOURCHIER, Archbishop of Canterbury. 

JOHN MORETON, Archbishop of Canterbury, Cardinal, and Lord Chancellor of England. 

HENRY DENE, Archbishop of Canterbury. 

WILLIAM WAEHAM, Archbishop of Canterbury. 

THOMAS CRANMER, THE MAKTYR, Archbishop of Canterbury. 

KING HENRY THE EIGHTH. 

KING EDWARD THE SIXTH. 

JOHN DUDLEY, Earl of Warwick, afterwards Duke of Northumberland. 

QUEEN MARY. 

REGINALD POLE, Archbishop of Canterbury and Cardinal. He died on the same 
day as the Queen, namely, November 17th., 1.558. 

QUEEN ELIZABETH. 

SIR ROBERT DUDLEY, afterwards Earl of Leicester. (He restored it to her.) 

QUEEN ELIZABETH, (again). 

THOMAS SACKVILLE, Earl of Dorset, previously Lord Buckhurst. 

THE COUNTESS WHITWORTH. 

THE COUNTESS OP PLYMOUTH, afterwards Countess Amherst. Her second husband 
was the Lord Amherst so well known as Ambassador to China in 1806, who was 
wrecked in the frigate Alccste on a sunken rock on his voyage home, a most inter- 
esting account of which, and of his escape with his crew from the pirate Malays, in 
small open boats, to Pulo Leat, and thence to Batavia, one hundred and seventy 
miles distant, is given in the well-known Voyage of thu Aice.Kte. 

THE COUNTESS DE LA WARR. 

LORD BUCKHURST (her second surviving son). 

LORD SACKVILLE, (previously the HONOURABLE MORTIMER SACKVILLE WEST, her third 
surviving son,) on the accession of his elder brother to the Earldom of De La Warr, 
created BARON SACKVILLE, in September, 1876. 



CASTLE MACGAHRETT, 

NEAR BALL1NDINE, COUNTY OF MAYO. LORD ORANMORE AND BROWNE. 



CASTLE MACGARRETT, which, in English means Castle Fitzgerald, was the property 
of the Fitzgeralds or Prendergasts (as they were variously called). Lords of the 
Barony of Claremorris, and came into the Browne family by the marriage, in 1564, 
of Dominick Browne, Esq., of Carra Browne Castle, County of Galway, to Mary, 
daughter and heiress of Maurice Prendergast, Esq. 

In 1694, Geoffrey Browne, Esq. left the old Castle, whicli was getting unsafe to 
live in, and built a house in another part of the place, where the family resided 
till it was burnt in 1811. 

The place, which contains two thousand acres of park, is beautifully timbered, and 
has besides several hundred acres of wood. Some years ago avenues of trees ex- 
tended for more than two miles on various sides of the house, and though some 
of the trees have fallen, many of the finest still remain. A Latin ode, written three 
hundred years ago, mentions the beauty of the trees at Castle Macgarrett. The 
river Robe runs through the place, besides several smaller streams. There are more 
than twenty old Danish forts in different parts of the grounds, with subterranean 
works. The old castle, deserted in 1694, is now a picturesque ruin covered with ivy. 

Some of the property has been in Lord Oranmore and Browne's family for more 
than six hundred years. 



SIR DAVID LE BRUN, or BROWNE, had large estates granted to him in Lc'inster and 
Connaught after the battle of Athenry in 1316, and of Duuclalk in 1318. He, with 
his son, 

AYMER BROWNE, built the Castle of Carra Browne, in Oraumore, near Galway. 
Seventh after him, 

DOMINICK BROWNE, married, about the year 1565, Mary, daughter and heiress of 
Maurice Prendergast, Esq., of Castle Macgarrett, Mayo. Next but one after him, 

SIR DOMINICK BROWNE, was knighted by Lord Wentworth, afterwards Earl of 
Strafford, in 1620. His son/ 

GEOFFREY BROWNE, was one of the envoys from the Confederates to QUEEN HEN- 
RIETTA in 1647, and to the Duke of Lorraine in 1650. He was much pillaged by 
Cromwell, the cause of his removing to Castle Macgarrett. He was succeeded by 
his sou, 



72 CASTLE MACGAEEETT. 

DOMINICK BROWNE, ESQ., of Castle Macgarrett, who married, in 1754, Henrietta, 
daughter of Sir Henry Lynch, Bart. He had 

DOMINICK GEOFFREY BROWNE, ESQ., a Governor of Mayo, born in 1755, who married, 
in 1785, Margaret, daughter and heiress of the Honourable George Browne, fourth 
son of the first Earl of Altamont, and had, with other children, he died in 1826, 

DOMINICK BROWNE, ESQ., born May 28th., 1787, and married, in 1811, to Catherine 
Anne Isabella Monck, daughter and heiress of Henry Monck, Esq. He was M.P. 
for the County of Mayo in seven Parliaments, was made a Member of the Privy 
Council in 1834, and raised to the Peerage of Ireland in 1836. He died January 
30th., 1860. Their elder son, 

GEOFFREY DOMINICK AUGUSTUS FREDERICK GUTHRIE, second BARON ORANMORE, a 
Bepresentative Peer of Ireland, born in 1819, married, December 30th., 1859, 
Christina, only surviving child and heiress of Alexander Guthrie, Esq., of the 
Mount, Ayrshire, and assumed the latter surname of GUTHRIE only on succeeding 
to that estate by entail, and had, with two daughters, a son, 

GEOFFREY HENRY BROWNE GUTHRIE, born January 6th., 1861. 






MELTON CONSTABLE, 

NEAR THETFORD, NORFOLK. LORD HASTINGS. 



THIS estate first came into the possession of the family of Lord Hastings by the 
marriage of Thomas, Lord Astley, with Editha, sister and coheiress of Sir Robert 
Constable, Knight, the then owner. 

The present mansion was erected, in or about the year 1680, by Sir Jacob Astley. 
It stands on an eminence, of gradual ascent for some miles around, and, having four 
fronts, has naturally a noble series of home views to the south, east, and west, that 
to the north being bounded by the open sea. 

In the library are many valuable books, besides a very fine collection of prints. 

In the grounds is an aviary, containing birds of rich and brilliant plumage. 

At a little distance from the house, on the road to Holt, is a lofty tower, also 
built by Sir Jacob Astley, and well denominated "Belle-vue," for from it a variety 
of views extends over a richly cultivated country for five and twenty miles in all 
directions, embracing several villages, Walsham Church, and Holt, Norwich Cathedral, 
and Clay, on the sea coast. 

The park, which is four miles in circumference, comprising about seven hundred 
acres of laud, has been greatly improved of late years by planting, and has also 
the adornment of an extensive expanse of water. 



In Dugdale's Warwickshire may be found many curious and interesting particulars 
of the earlier ancestors of this ancient family. 

SIE THOMAS ASTLEY, Knight, fell at the battle of Evesham, tempore Henry III. 
By his second wife, Editha, daughter of Peter Constable, Esq., of Melton Constable, 
and coheiress of her brother, Sir Robert Constable, Knight, with whom he acquired 
the estate, he had three sons, from the second of whom, 

THOMAS ASTLEY, of Hill Morton, in Warwickshire, the seventh in succession, 
descended, 

JOHN ASTLEY, of Hill Morton and Melton Constable, who married Frances, daughter 
and heiress of John Cheyuey, Esq., of Sittiugbourne, Kent, and was succeeded by 
his only surviving son, 

ISAAC ASTLEY. This gentleman married Mary, daughter of Edward Waldegrave, 
Esq., of Borley, Essex, and had two sons, of whom the elder, 

THOMAS ASTLEY, married Frances, daughter and coheiress of George Deane, Esq., 
of Tilney, Norfolk. Their eldest son, of three, 

VI. L 



74 MELTON CONSTABLE. 

SIR FRANCIS ASTLEY, Knight, died without issue, when the estates went to his 
next, the second, brother, 

SIR ISAAC ASTLEY, BARONET, so created January 21st., 1641. He married twice, but 
had no children, and the Baronetcy expiring, the estates went to his nephew, 

SIR JACOB ASTLEY, Knight, (son of the third brother, as above, by his wife, the 
Honourable Elizabeth Astley, daughter of Jacob, Lord Astley, she died in 1653). 
He was created a Baronet, June 25th., 1660, and represented the county of Norfolk 
in Parliament for forty years. He married Blanche, eldest daughter of Sir Philip 
Wodehouse, Baronet, of Kimberley, Norfolk, and their eldest surviving son, 

SIR PHILIP ASTLEY, BARONET, married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Thomas 
Bransby, Esq., of Caistor, Norfolk, whose son and successor, at his decease, July 
7th., 1739, was 

SIR JACOB ASTLEY, BARONET, who, by his first wife, whom he married in 1721, Lucy, 
youngest daughter of Sir Nicholas L'Estrange, Baronet, of Hunstanton, Norfolk, and 
coheiress of her brother, Sir Henry L'Estrange, Baronet, had an eldest son, who, at 
his death, January 5th., 1760, succeeded as 

SIK EDWARD ASTLEY, BARONET, born in 1728, who married, first, in 1751, Ehoda, 
eldest surviving daughter of Francis Blake Delaval, Esq., of Seaton Delaval, North- 
umberland, and sister of John, Lord Delaval, by whom he had an eldest son, who, 
at his death in 1802, became 

SIR JACOB ASTLEY, BARONET, born September 12th., 1756, M.P. for Norfolk for 
twenty years. He married, in 1789, Hester, youngest daughter and coheiress of 
Samuel Browne, Esq., of King's Lynn, Norfolk, and had nine children, of whom, at 
his decease, April 28th., 1817, the eldest son succeeded to the title, namely, 

SIR JACOB ASTLEY, BARONET, born September 18th., 1797, married, in 1819, to 
Georgiana Carolina, second daughter of Sir Henry Watkin Dashwood, Baronet. The 
ancient Barony of Hastings, created by Edward I. in 1290, which had fallen into 
abeyance, was determined in his favour by the House of Peers, and he accordingly 
was summoned to Parliament under that title. He died December 27th., 1859, and 
was followed by his eldest son, 

SIR JACOB DELAVAL ASTLEY, BARONET, BARON HASTINGS, an officer in the Life Guards, 
D.L. for Norfolk, and Honorary Colonel of the Norfolk Artillery Militia, who was 
born May 21st., 1822, and married, May 19th., 1860, Frances, daughter of Mr. T. 
Cosham, but had no children, and was succeeded therefore at his death, March 8th., 
1871, by his brother, 

THE EEVEREND SIR DELAVAL LOFTUS ASTLEY, BARONET, LORD HASTINGS, Vicar of 
East Barsham, Norfolk, born March 24th., 1825. His Lordship had married, August 
8th., 1848, the Honourable Frances Diana Manners-Sutton, second daughter of Charles, 
first Viscount Canterbury. He died September 28th., 1872. Their eldest son was 

SIR BERNARD EDWARD DELAVAL ASTLEY, BARONET, LORD HASTINGS, born September 
9th., 1855, who dying unmarried, December 22nd., 1875, his next brother came to 
the title, 

SIK GEORGE MANNERS ASTLEY, BARONET, LORD HASTINGS, born April 4th., 1857, a 
Lieutenant in the Prince of Wales' Own Norfolk Militia. 



74 MELTON CONSTABLE. 

SIR FRANCIS ASTLEY, Knight, died without issue, when the estates went to his 
next, the second, brother, 

SIR ISAAC ASTLEY, BARONET, so created January 21st., 1641. He married twice, but 
had no children, and the Baronetcy expiring, the estates went to his nephew, 

SIR JACOB ASTLEY, Knight, (son of the third brother, as above, by his wife, the 
Honourable Elizabeth Astley, daughter of Jacob, Lord Astley, she died in 1653). 
He was created a Baronet, June 25th., 1660, and represented the county of Norfolk 
in Parliament for forty years. He married Blanche, eldest daughter of Sir Philip 
Wodehouse, Baronet, of Kimberley, Norfolk, and their eldest surviving son, 

SIR PHILIP ASTLEY, BARONET, married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Thomas 
Bransby, Esq., of Caistor, Norfolk, whose son and successor, at his decease, July 
7th., 1739, was 

SIR JACOB ASTLEY, BARONET, who, by his first wife, whom he married in 1721, Lucy, 
youngest daughter of Sir Nicholas L'Estrange, Baronet, of Hunstanton, Norfolk, and 
coheiress of her brother, Sir Henry L'Estrange, Baronet, had an eldest son, who, at 
his death, January 5th., 1760, succeeded as 

SIR EDWARD ASTLEY, BARONET, born in 1728, who married, first, in 1751, Rhoda, 
eldest surviving daughter of Francis Blake Delaval, Esq., of Seaton Delaval, North- 
umberland, and sister of John, Lord Delaval, by whom he had an eldest son, who, 
at his death in 1 802, became 

SIR JACOB ASTLEY, BARONET, born September 12th., 1756, M.P. for Norfolk for 
twenty years. He married, in 1789, Hester, youngest daughter and coheiress of 
Samuel Browne, Esq., of King's Lynn, Norfolk, and had nine children, of whom, at 
his decease, April 28th., 1817, the eldest son succeeded to the title, namely, 

SIR JACOB ASTLEY, BARONET, born September 18th., 1797, married, in 1819, to 
Georgiana Carolina, second daughter of Sir Henry Watkin Dashwood, Baronet. The 
ancient Barony of Hastings, created by Edward I. in 1290, which had fallen into 
abeyance, was determined in his favour by the House of Peers, and he accordingly 
was summoned to Parliament under that title. He died December 27th., 1859, and 
was followed by his eldest son, 

SIR JACOB DELAVAL ASTLEY, BARONET, BARON HASTINGS, an officer in the Life Guards, 
D.L. for Norfolk, and Honorary Colonel of the Norfolk Artillery Militia, who was 
born May 21st., 1822, and married, May 19th., 1860, Frances, daughter of Mr. T. 
Coshain, but had no children, and was succeeded therefore at his death, March 8th., 
1871, by his brother, 

THE REVEREND SIR DELAVAL LOPTUS ASTLEY, BARONET, LORD HASTINGS, Vicar of 
East Barsham, Norfolk, born March 24th., 1825. His Lordship had married, August 
8th., 1848, the Honourable Frances Diana Manners-Sutton, second daughter of Charles, 
first Viscount Canterbury. He died September 28th., 1872. Their eldest son was 

SIR BERNARD EDWARD DELAVAL ASTLEY, BAEONET, LORD HASTINGS, born September 
9th., 1855, who dying unmarried, December 22nd., 1875, his next brother came to 
the title, 

SIR GEORGE MANNERS ASTLEY, BARONET, LORD HASTINGS, born April 4th., 1857, a 
Lieutenant in the Prince of Wales' Own Norfolk Militia. 



BROCKLEY HALL, 

NEAK BRISTOL, SOMERSETSHIRE. SMYTH-P1GOTT. 



THE manor of Brockley Hall was purchased of the then owner in the year 1528 by 
Colonel Thomas Pigott. It has since, and recently, been greatly enlarged and im- 
proved by the representative of the family for the time being. 

The entrance hall, which is of spacious size, is surrounded by numerous rooms 
richly fitted, and containing a valuable series of paintings by ancient and modern 
masters. 

The hall itself is hung with family portraits; chiefly those of the Moores, Wadhams, 
Cowards, and Pigotts; among them being that of John, first Lord Paulet, by 
Vandyke; of his wife, who was an heiress of the house of the Kenns; of her 
grandchildren, by two marriages of her daughter, the first with Thomas Smith, Esq., 
of Long Ashton, and the second with Colonel Thomas Pigott, of Brockley; of 
Colonel John Pigott, M.P. for Somersetshire in 1705; of his son, John Pigott, Esq., 
who died when Sheriff of the county in 1730, by Sir Peter Lely; of Thomas 
Coward, Esq., Recorder of Winchester, by Sir Peter Lely; Thomas Coward, Esq., 
High Sheriff of Somersetshire in 1771, through whom the Pigotts claim descent from 
Edward I., by Gainsborough; of Sir Nicholas Wadham, the founder of Wadham 
College, Oxford; Sir Hugh Smyth, Sheriff of the county in 1803, by Hobday; and 
of Mr. and Mrs. Smyth-Pigott, in water-colours, by Prince Hoare; and their daughter, 
Mrs. Provis, by Gainsborough. 

The chairs in the hall are worthy of mention, having once belonged to King 
Charles I. 

The staircase is lighted by a window of stained glass. 

The grounds are extremely beautiful, including the romantic scenery of Brockley 
Coombe, with extensive shrubberies and pleasure-grounds. 

The park is well stocked with deer, and contains a heronry of ancient date, and 
from the top of the neighbouring Down there is a splendid view of the country far 
and near, taking in Brean Down, Cleve Toot, Cadbury Hill, Yatton, and the coast of 
Clevedon, crowned by the ruins of Walton Castle, with the water of the Bristol 
Channel in the distance, bounded by the coast of Wales. 

Brockley Church is a beautiful structure, with monuments of members of the 
family, by Chantrey, Bailey, and other sculptors of eminence. 



COLONEL THOMAS PIGOTT went over to Ireland in 1641, and purchased the manor 



76 BROCKLEY HALL. 

of Brockley, and also of Kingston Seymour, and of Weston-super-Mare, Somersetshire. 
His descendant, 

JOHN HUGH SMYTH PIGOTT, ESQ., of Brockley Hall, Brockley Court, and the Grove, 
F.A.S., J.P., and D.L., High Sheriff of the county in 1828, married, December 
19th., 1815, Anne Provis, and died in 1854, having had, with other children, 

JOHN HUGH WADHAM PIGOTT SMYTH-PIGOTT, ESQ., of Brockley Hall, Brockley Court, 
and the Grove, J.P. and D.L., born in 1819, married, August 13th., 1857, Mary, 
second daughter of Raymond Arundell, Esq., and had five sous and five daughters, 
the eldest son being 

CECIL HUGH, born November 27th., 1860. 







o 

si 
33 



HEYTHROP, 

NEAR CHIPPJNG-NORTON, OXFORDSHIRE. BRASSEY. 



HEYTHROP is a stately mansion built in the Grecian style. 

The rooms are large, and highly ornamented, some of them being also hung with 
tapestry. 

The grounds are extensive, and well supplied with the adornments of wood and 
water. 

In an account of the place the conservatory is stated to be nearly two hundred 
and fifty feet long. 

An account of the earlier descents of this family has been, given in a previous 
page of the present work. It is therefore only necessary here to begin with 

THOMAS BRASSEY, ESQ., of Bulkeley, Cheshire, born November 7th., 1805, who 
succeeded to the representation of the senior branch at the death of his uncle in 
1843. He married, December 27th., 1831, Maria Farrington, daughter of Joseph 
Harrison, Esq., of Liverpool, and had issue 

1. THOMAS BRASSEY, his heir, of Bulkeley and Normanhurst. 

2. JOHN BRASSEY, born June 1st., died June 16th., 1839. 

3. HENRY ARTHUR BRASSEY, of Preston Hall, Aylesford, Kent, and M.P. for 

Sandwich, born July llth., 181-0, married, June 24th., 1866, Annn 
Harriet, daughter of George Robert Stephensou, Esq., of Tongswood, 
Hawkhurst, Kent, an officer in the seventh Dragoon Guards, and Major 
in the West Kent Militia, and had issue, 

Arthur Albert, born March 4th., 1868, died June 1st., 1860. 

Henry Leonard Campbell, born March 7th., 1870. 

Ethel Anna Maria. 

Hilda Madeline. 

Florence Maud. 

Evelyn Mildreu. 

4. ALBERT BKASSKY. 
The fourth son, 

ALBERT BRASSEY, ESQ., an officer in the Fourteenth Hussars, J.P. for Oxfordshire, 
born February 22nd., 1814, married, January 12th., 1871, the Honourable Matilda 



78 HBYTHROP. 

Marie Helena Bingham, daughter of John Charles Eobert Bingham, fourth Lord 
Claninorris, and had 

ROBERT BINGHAM, born in 1875. 

Lilian Maude. 

Mary Eleanor Anne. 

Rose Zana Maria. 



BERKELEY CASTLE; 

NEAR BERKELEY, GLOUCESTERSHIRE. BARON FITZHAUDINGE. 



BERKELEY CASTLE must ever hold a memorable place on the page of English history, 
as it was here that King Edward the Second was murdered by the hands of Maltravers 
and Gournay. The room in which the evil deed was perpetrated is still to be seen, 
just as it was then in those ancient times. It is described as a dismal chamber, 
and now called the Dungeon Eoom, situated over the steps leading to the Keep. 

"This ancient baronial residence is supposed, from its structure, to be of Norman 
origin. The walls are high and massive, with towers and buttresses at unequal 
distances, and an arched entrance apparently of Norman construction. The Donjon 
Keep is built on a mound, and rises above the rest of the building; it is flanked 
by three semicircular towers, and a square one of later date, all embattled; on the 
top of the Keep is a walk fifty-eight feet long, for the warder, which office in this 
castle was anciently maintained by the family of Thorpe, who for that service held 
their lands of the Lords of Berkeley. 

"The Chapel, the oldest private chapel known, the Great Hall, the Kitchen of 
curious workmanship, the Great Dining Chamber, etc., have remained upwards of 
six hundred and seventy yoars in use for the purposes for which they were originally 
constructed." 



ROBERT FITZHARDINGE sided with the Empress Maud and her son, Henry the Second, 
against Stephen, and was rewarded with the Lordship of Berkeley, of which the 
owner, Roger de Berkeley, was at the same time deprived for taking part with the 
latter. He entertained, at Bristol, in 1168, Dermot Mac Murrough, King of Leinster, 
with sixty of his retinue, when he came over to ask for succour from King Henry. 
In direct descent from him was 

THOMAS DE BERKELEY, who was summoned to Parliament as BARON BERKELEY, from 
June 23rd., 1295, to May 15th., 1321. After him, in direct succession, 

GEORGE BERKELEY, fourteenth BARON BERKELEY, was created, September llth., 1679, 
Viscount Dumley and EARL OF BERKELEY. In lineal descent from him, 

FREDERICK AUGUSTUS BERKELEY, the fifth EARL OF BERKELEY, married, May 16th., 
1796, Miss Mnry Cole, and had ten children, of whom the eldest son was created, 

* Sec View on the Title-page. 



80 BERKELEY CASTLE. 

in 1841, EARL FITZHARDINGE, but died unmarried, October 10th., 1857. His next 
brother, 

SIR MAUKICE FREDERICK FITZHARDINGE BERKELEY, Admiral of the Bine, C.C.B., P.O., 
born January 3rd., 1788, was created, August 5th., 1861, BARON FITZHARDINGE. He 
married, first, December 4th., 1823, Lady Charlotte Lennox, sixth daughter of 
Charles, fourth Duke of Gordon. Her Ladyship died August 20th., 1833. Their 
eldest son, 

FRANCIS WILLIAM FITZHARDINGE BERKELEY, second BARON FITZHARDINGE, Lieutenant- 
Colonel of the Royal Horse Guards, M.P., and Colonel of the South Gloucestershire 
Militia, born November 16th., 1826, married, November 24th., 1857, Georgina, only 
daughter of Colonel William Holme Sumner, of Hatchlands, Surrey. 



INDEX. 



OWNERS NAMES WILL BE FOUND IN THOSE LINES PRINTED IN ITALICS. 



1'age. 
31 

79 
51 

49 
61 

9 
69 



IV 
V 



39 
47 



Vol. 

Abbotsford, Roxburghshire, Scott . v 
Abercairny, Perthshire, Home-Drummond v 
Abereorn, Duke of, Barons Court, Tyrone iv 
Alerdeen, Earl of, Haddo House, 

Aberdeenshire . . . iv 

Alingdon, Earl of, Wytham Alley, 

Oxfordshire . . . . ii 
Abney-Hantings, Donington Castle, 

Leicestershire . . . v 

Ackers, Moreton Hall, Cheshire . iii 

Acton Keynald Hall, Shropshire, Corbet, 

Baronet . . . vi 48 

Adare Manor, County Limerick, Earl of 

Dunraven .... 
Aldby Park, Yorkshire, Darley 
Alnwick Castle, Northumberland, Duke 

of Northumberland 
Alton Towers, Staffordshire, Earl of 

Shrewsbury and Talbot 
Anderson, Baronet, Lea, Lincolnshire 
Anglesey, Marquis of, Beaudesert, Staf- 
fordshire .... 
Apley Park, Shropshire, Foster 
Appleby Castle, "Westmoreland, Tuft on, 

Baronet iv 

Arbury Hall, Warwickshire, Newdegate iii 
Ardtully, Kerry, Orpen, (Knight) . ii 
Argyll, Duke of, Invernraij Cattle, 

Argyllshire . . . . i 

Arkivright, Hampton Court, Herefordshire ii 
Arundel Castle, Sussex, Duke of Norfolk iv 
Ashcombe Park, Staffordshire, Sneyd 
Aske Hall, Yorkshire, Earl of Zetland 
Astley Hall, Lancashire, De Hoghton, 

Baronet .... 

Audley End, Essex, Lord Braybrooke 
VI. 



11 
vi 



iv 

V 



41 
41 

19 

75 
9 
1 

75 
25 

5 
55 



"Vol. 1'age. 

Badminton House, Gloucestershire, Duke 

of Beaufort . . . . ii 75 
Bagshot Park, Surrey, H.R.H. Duke of 

Connaught . . . vi 1 

Bailey, Baronet, Glanusk Park, Breck- 
nockshire . . . . i 87 
Balmoral Castle, Aberdeenshire, The 

lloyal Private Residence . i 91 

Barons Court, Tyrone, Duke of Abereorn iv 5 1 
Bath, Marquis of, Longleat, Wiltshire v 35 

Beaconsfield, Earl of, Ilwjhendon Manor, 

Buckinghamshire . . . v 27 
Bearcroft, Jfeer Hal!, Worcestershire vi 15 

Bearwood, Berkshire, Walter . . vi 29 
Beaudesert, Staffordshire, Marquis of 

Anglesey ii 3 

Beaufort, Duke of, Badminton House, 

Gloucestershire . . . ii 75 
Bective, Earl of, Underlet/ Hall, ll'est- 

moreland . . . iv 73 

Bedford, Duke of, Wolurn Alley, Bed- 
fordshire . . . . ii 13 
Belmore, Earl of, Castle Coole, Fermanagh iv 45 
Belvoir Castle, Leicestershire, Duke of 

Rutland ii 5 

Beningbrough Hall, Yorkshire, Duwnay v 7 
Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire, Fitz- 

hardinge, Baron . . \ i 79 

Bestwood Lodge, Nottinghamshire, Duke 

of St. Alhans . . iii 01 

Birr Ciistle, King's County, Earl of Rosso iii 39 
Bishops Court, Kildare, Earl of Clonmell iv 19 
Blenheim, Oxfordshire, Duke of Marl- 
borough .... i 79 
Boughton, Baronet, Downton Hall, Klirop- 

shire . . . . . v 71 

M 



82 



INDEX. 



Vol. Page. 

Bowood Park, "Wiltshire, Marquis of 

Lansdowno .... v 3 
Boyne, Viscount, Brancepeth Castle, Durham vi 3 
Boynton, Baronet, Burton- Agnes Hall, York*, i 89 

Bramhall Hull, Cheshire, Davenport v 19 
Brancepeth Castle, Durham, Viscount 

Boyiie . . . . vi 3 

Brand, Qltjnde Place, Sussex . . v 37 

Brantingham Thorpe, Yorkshire, Sykes iii 19 

Brassey, Hei/throp, Oxfordshire . vi 77 

Brassey, Normanhurst, Sussex . . vi 51 

Brassey, Preston Hall, Kent . . iii 75 

Braybrooke, Lord, Audley End, Essex ii 55 
Breadalbane, Earl of, Ta-y mouth Castle, 

Perthshire . . . . ii 31 
Brechin Castle, Forfarshire, Earl of 

Dalhousic .... vi 

Broadlancls, Hampshire, C'owper-Temple i 
Brockley Hall, Gloucestershire, Smyth- 

Pigott vi 

Brooke, Caen Wood Tuicers, Middlesex iii 
Broughton Castle, Oxfordshire, Lord 

Sayc and Sele ... iii 
Buccleuch, Duke of, Dalkeith Palace, 

Jl/d Lot Iii an v 
Buccleuch, Duke of, Druinlanrig Cattle, 

Dumfriesshire . . iv 
Buckingham and Chatidos, Duke and Marquis 

of, Stowe Park, Buckinghamshire ii 

Bulwell Hull, Nottinghamshire, Cooper iv 
Burghley House, Lincolnshire, Marquis 

of Exeter i 
Burton- Agnes Hall, Yorkshire, Boynton, 

Baronet i 
Burton Constable, Yorkshire, Constable, 

Baronet i 

Caen Wood Towers, Middlesex, Brooke iii 
Caledon, Countess of, Tyttenhangcr Park, 

Hertfordshire . . . iv 

Caledon, Earl of, Caledon, Tyrone . \ \- 

Caledon, Tyrone, Earl of Caledon . 1 \ 
Canterbury, Viscount, Witchinyham Hall, 

Norfolk . . . . iv 77 

Capernwray, Lancashire, Marton . iv la 

Capcsthorne, Cheshire, Davenport . iii 29 
Cardiff an, Countess of, Deene Park, 

Northamptonshire . . . iv 37 
Carlisle, Earl of, Castle Howard, Yorkshire i 1 1 



25 
09 

75 
37 

25 

49 
23 

41 
17 

05 
89 

45 
37 



Vol. 

iv 



Carnanton, Cornwall, Willyams 
Carrington, Lord, Wycombe Abbey, 

Buckinghamshire ... . vi 
Carysfort, Earl of, Elton Hall, Northum- 
berland . . . . iv 
Cassiobury Park, Herts., Earl of Essex ii 
Castle Coole, Fermanagh, Earl of Belmore iv 
Castle Forbes. Aberdeenshire, Lord Forbes v 
Castle Hill, Devonshire, Earl Fortescue vi 
Castle Howard, Yorkshire, Earl of Carlisle i 
Castle Macgarrett, Mayo, Lord Oranmore 

and Browne vi 

CJiambcrlayne, Cranbury Park, Hampshire i 
Charlecote, Warwickshire, Lucy . i 

Chatsworth, Derbyshire, Duke of 

Devonshire i 

Chillingham Castle, Northumberland, 

Earl of Tankerville . . vi 
Cliolmeley, Baronet, Easton Hall, 

Lincolnshire .... iii 
Cholmley (now StricklandJ, Howsham 

Hall, Yorkshire . . . i 
Cholmondeley Castle, Cheshire, Marquis 

of Cholmondeley ii 

Cholmondeley, Marquis of, Cholmondeley 

Castle, Cheshire ii 

Clarke-'l'liurnhill, RusJtton Hall, North- 
amptonshire . iv 
Cleveland, Duke of, liaby Castle, Durham ii 
Clifford, Lord, Ugbrooke, Devonshire . ii 
Clifton, Baronet, Clifton Hall, Notting- 
hamshire ii 
Clifton Hall, Nottinghamshire, Clifton, 

Baronet ii 

Cliveden, Buckinghamshire, Duke of 

Westminster vi 

Clonmell, Earl of, Bishops Court, Kildare iv 
Clumber Park, Nottinghamshire, Duke 

of Newcastle ii 

Cobham Hall, Kent, Earl of Darnley ii 

Colling woo A, Lilburn Tower, Northum- 
berland ..... vi 
Comberuiere Abbey, Shropshire, Viscount 

C'ombermere ii 

Comberuiere, Viscount, Combermere Abbey, 

Shropshire ii 

Compton Verney, Warwickshire, Lord 

Willoughby de Broke . . iii 



Page. 

25 



31 
73 

45 
01 
35 
11 

71 
81 
61 

49 
33 
73 
13 
33 
33 

11 
15 

07 

39 
39 

13 
19 

79 
25 

19 

43 

43 

3 



INDEX. 



Vol. 

Connauaht, II.R.H. Luke of, Bag/shot 

Park, Surrey . . . vi 

Constable, Baronet, Burton Constable, 

Yorkshire . . . . i 

Cooper, Bulwell Hall, Nottinghamshire iv 
Corbet, Baronet, Acton Reynold Hall, 

Shropshire . . . . ' vi 
Corbet-Pigott, Sundorne Castle, Shropshire vi 
Corsham Court, "Wiltshire, Lord Methucn ii 
Coughton Court, Warwickshire, Throck- 

morton, Baronet . . iii 

Cowdray Park, Sussex, Earl of Egmont v 
Cowper, Earl, Panshanger Park, Hert- 
fordshire ii 
Cowper- Temple, Broadlands, Hampshire i 
Cranbrook, discount, Hemsted Park, Kent vi 
Cranbury Park, Hampshire, Chamberlayne i 
Crossley, Jiarotiet, Somerleyton, Suffolk iv 
Curwen, Wurkington Hall, Cumberland \ 
Dalhousie, Earl of, Brechin Castle, 
Forfarshire .... 
Dalkeith Palace, Mid Lothian, Duke of 

Buccleuch .... 

Dalton Hall, Yorkshire, Lord Hotham 

Danbury Palace. Essex, Bishop of 

Rochester .... 

Danesfield House, Buckinghamshire, 

Scott-Murray 

Darley, Ahlby Park, Yorkshire 
Darnley, Earl of, Cob/tarn Hall, Kent 
Dartrey, Earl of, Dartre//, Monaghan 
Dartrey, Mouaghan, Earl of Dartrey 
Dashivood, Baronet, West Wycombe House 

Buckinghamshire 

Davenport, Bramhall Hull, Cheshire 
Davenport, Capesthorne, Cheshire 
Dawnay, Beningbrough Hall, Yorkshire 
Dcenc Park, Northamptonshire, Countess 

of Cardigan i 

De Hoghton, Baronet, Astley Hall, Lan- 
cashire ..... 
De L 1 Isle and Dudley, Lord. Pettshurst 

Castle, Kent i 

Denby Grange, Yorkshire, Lister-Kaye, 

Baronet i 

Denton Park, Yorkshire, "Wyvill 
Dent, Sudeley Castle, Gloucestershire 
Derby, Earl of, Knowsley Hall, Lancashire 



Page. 

1 

45 

17 

48 
39 
69 

45 
51 



69 
57 

81 
71 
57 



vi 25 



Vol. 



49 



47 
25 



v 

v 

iii 

v 



81 
33 
15 
55 



Devonshire, Duke of, Chatsworth, Derby- 

shire ..... i 
Devonshire, Duke of, Holker Hall, Lan- 

cashire ..... vi 
Dillon, Viscount, Dytchley House, Oxford- 

shire ..... v 
Donington Castle, Leicestershire, Abney- 

Hastings . . . . v 
Downton Hall, Shropshire, Boughton, 

Baronet . . . . v 

Drakelowe Hall, Derbyshire, Gresley, 

Baronet . . . . ii 

Dromoland, County Clare, Lord Inchiquin iv 
Drumlanrig Castle, Dumfriesshire, Duke 

of Buccleueh . . . iv 

Drury-Lowe, Locko Park, Derbyshire iv 

Dudley, Earl of, Whitley Court, Worces- 

tershire. i 

Duydale, Merevale Hall, Warwickshire iii 
Dunmore, Earl of, Dunmore Park, Stir- 

lingshire . . . . v 

Dunmore Park, Stirlingshire, Earl of 

Dunmore . . . . v 
Dunninffto/i-JeJfersoii,, Thicket Priory, 

Yorkshire . . . . vi 
Dunraven, Earl of, Adare Manor, County 

Limerick . . . . iv 

Dunrohin Castle, Sutherlandshire, Duke 

of Sutherland ii 

Dunster Castle, Somersetshire, Fownes- 

Luttrell vi 

Durham, Earl of, Lambton Castle, Durham iii 
Dytchley House, Oxfordshire, Viscount 

Dillon ..... v 
Eastnor Castle, Herefordshire, Earl Somers iv 
Easton Hull, Lincolnshire, Cholmelcy, 

Baronet .... iii 

Eastwcll Park, Kent, H.R H. Duke of 

Edinburgh vi 

Eaton Hall, Cheshire, Duke of West- 

minster i 

Eden Hall, Cumberland, Musgrave, 

Baronet . . . . ii 

Edinburgh, H.R.H. Duke of, East well 

Park, Kent . . . . 
Ednaston Lodge, Derbyshire, Kingdon 
Eggesford House, Devonshire, Earl of 

Portsmouth 



83 

I'aye. 
49 

41 

59 

9 

71 

51 
27 

23 
29 



11 
11 
37 
39 
49 

43 
5 



\\ 

iv 



73 
45 
31 
63 

45 
63 

17 



84 



INDEX. 



Vol. Page. 

Egmont, Earl of, Cowdray Park, Sussex v 51 
Ellesmere, Earl of, Wor&ley nail, Lan- 
cashire ii 35 
Elton Hall, Northamptonshire, Earl of 

Carysfort . . . iv 3.1 
Elvaston Castle, Derbyshire, Earl of 

Harrington . . . . ii 21 
Eshton Hall, Yorkshire, Wilson, Baronet iii 35 
Essex, Earl of, Cassiobury Park, Hert- 
fordshire . . . . ii 73 
Euston Hall, Suffolk, Duke of Grafton iii 47 
Everingham Park, Yorkshire, Lord 

Herries .... i 25 
Exeter, Marquis of, Burghley House, 

Lincolnshire .... i 65 
Exton House, Rutlandshire, Earl of 

Gainsborough . . iv 5 

Falmouth, Viscount, Tr eg oilman, Cornwall v 29 

Farnham House, Cavan, Lord Farnham i 39 

Farnham, Lord, Farnham House, Cavan i 39 
Fitzhardinge, Baron, Berkeley Castle, 

Gloucestershire . . . vi 79 
Fitzioilliam, Earl, Wenttvorth Woodhouse, 

Yorkshire . . . i 23 
Floors Castle, Roxburghshire, Duke of 

Roxburghe .... i 35 
Forbes, Lord, Castle Forbes, Aberdctnshire v 61 
Fortescue, Earl, Castle Hill, Devonshire vi 35 
Foster, Aplfij Park, Shropshire . vi 53 
Fowm's-Luttrell, Dunnter Castle, Somer- 
setshire . . . . vi 43 
Franks, Kent, Power ... i 47 
Fullerton, Thrybergh Park, Yorkshire i 33 
Gainsborough, Earl of, Exton House, 

Rutlandshire . . . iv 5 

Gage, Henyrare Hall, Suffolk . . iii 71 
Galloway, Earl of, Galloway House, 

Wigtownshire . . iv 35 
Galloway House, Wigtownshire, Earl of 

Galloway . iv 35 

Garnstone, Herefordshire, Peploe . i 57 

Gladstone, Hatcarden Castle, Flintshire vi 65 
Glands Castle, Forfarshire, Earl of 

Strathmore . . . . v 21 
Glanusk Park, Brecknockshire, Bailey, 

Baronet . . . . i 87 

Glynde Place, Sussex, Brand . . v 37 

Gopsal Hall, Leicestershire, Lord Howe ii 47 



Vol. I'atje. 

Grafton, Duke of, Euston Hall, Suffolk, iii 47 

Greene, Nether Hall, Suffolk . . iv 57 

Gregory, Harlaxton Manor, Lincolnshire ii 17 
Gresley, Baronet, Drakelowe Hall, 

Derbyshire . . . . ii 51 

Grey, Earl, Hoivick Hall, Northumberland vi 03 

Gunton Park, Norfolk, Lord Suffield iv 59 

Guy's Cliffe, Warwickshire, Percy . i 53 
Haddo House, Aberdeenshire, Earl of 

Aberdeen . . . . iv 49 

Hambro (Baron), Milton Abbey, Dorsetshire ii 23 
Hamilton, Duke of, Hamilton Palace, 

Lanarkshire . . . vi 9 
Hamilton Palace, Lanarkshire, Duke of 

Hamilton . . . vi 9 

Hampton Court, Herefordshire, Arkwright ii 9 
Hampton, Lord, West-wood Park, 

Worcestershire . . . v 67 

Haubury Hall, Worcestershire, Vernon v 65 

Hanbury, Ham Hall, Staffordshire . i 41 

Har court, Nuneham Park, Oxfordshire vi 31 
Hardwicke, Earl of, Wimpole Hall, 

Cambridgeshire . . . ii 71 
Hareivood, Earl of, Hareivood House, 

Yorkshire . . . . i 7 
Harcwood House, Yorkshire, Earl of 

Harewood .... i 7 

Harlaxton Manor, Lincolnshire, Gregory ii 17 
Harrington, Earl of, Elvaston Castle, 

Derbyshire . . . . ii 21 

Hastings, Lord, Melton Constable, Norfolk vi 73 
Hatfield House, Hertfordshire, Marquis 

of Salisbury . . ii 7 

Hawarden Castle, Flintshire, Gladstone vi 65 

Hawkstone, Shropshire, Lord Hill . vi 61 

Heaton Park, Lancashire, Earl of Wilton iv 21 
Helmingham Hall, Suffolk, Baron 

Tollemache . . . iii 21 

Hemstcd Park, Kent, Viscount Cranbrook vi 57 

Hengrave Hall, Suffolk, Gage . . iii 71 

Herries, Lord, Everingham Park, Yorkshire i 25 

Heythrop, Oxfordshire, Brassey . vi 77 
High Cliffe, Hampshire, Marchioness of 

Waterford . . . . v 75 

Hill, Lord, Ilawkestone, Shropshire . vi 61 

Holford, Westonbirt House, Gloucestershire iii 53 
Holker Hall, Lancashire, Duke of 

Devonshire . . . . vi 41 



INDEX." 



85 



Vvl. Page. 

Holme Lacy, Herefordsh., Stanhope, Bart, i 27 

Home-Drummond, Abercairny, Perthshire v 79 

Hornby Castle, Yorkshire, Duke of Leeds v 1 

Hotham, Lord, Dalton Hall, Yorkshire vi 55 

Howe, Lord, Gopsal Hall, Leicestershire ii 47 

Howick Hall, Northumberland, Earl Grey vi 63 
Howsham Hall, Yorkshire, Cholmley 

(now Strickland) . . . i 13 
Hughenden Manor, Buckinghamshire, 

Earl of Beaconsfield . . v 27 
Hutton-in-the-Forest, Cumberland, Vane, 

Baronet . . . . vi 11 

Hutton Hall, Yorkshire, Pease . iii 15 

Ham Hall, Staffordshire, Hanbury . i 41 
Ilchester, Earl of, Mettury House, 

Dorsetshire .... ii 29 

Inchiquin, Lord, Dromoland, County Clare iv 27 

Ingilby, Baronet, Ripley Castle, Yorkshire i 63 
Inveraray Castle, Argyllshire, Duke of 

Argyll .... i 75 

Keele Hall, Staffordshire, Sneyd . iii 9 
Kelham Hall, Nottinghamshire, Manners- 

Sutton . . . iv 43 

Kimberley, Earl of, Kimberley Hall, Norfolk v 13 
Kimberley Hall, Norfolk, Earl of 

Kimbcrley . . . . v 13 
Kimbolton Castle, Huntingdonshire, 

Duke of Manchester . . iii 51 

Kingdon, Ednaston Lodge, Derbyshire iv 63 
Kirtling Tower, Cambridgeshire, Baroness 

North . . . . iv 47 
Knatchlull, Baronet, Mersham-le-Hatch, 

Kent ..... v 45 

Knole, Kent, Lord Sackville . . vi 69 

Knowsley Hall, Lancashire, Earl of Derby i 55 

Lambton Castle, Durham, Earl of Durham iii 5 
Laneslorough, Earl of, Swithland Hall, 

Leicestershire . . . ii 37 

Lanhydrock, Cornwall, Lord llobartes v 39 
Lansdowne, Marquis of, Boicood Park, 

Wiltshire .... v 3 
Lathom House, Lancashire, Lord 

Skelmersdale . . . v 53 
Lawton Hall, Cheshire, Lawton . iii 77 
Lawton, Lawton Hall, Cheshire . iii 77 
Lea, Lincolnshire, Anderson, Baronet i 37 
Lechmere, Baronet, Rhydd Court, Wor- 
cestershire ... v 23 



Vol. Page. 

Leeds Castle, Kent, "Wykeham-Martin ii 45 

Leeds, Duke of, Hornby Castle, Yorkshire v 1 

Levens Hall, Westmoreland, Upton . vi 49 
Lilburn Tower, Northumberland, 

Collingwood . . . vi 19 
Lister-Kaye, Baronet, Denly Grange, 

Yorkshire . . . . iv 81 

Locko Park, Derbyshire, Drury-Lowe iv 29 
Londonderry, Marquis of, Wynyard Park, 

Durham . . . . iii 13 
Longleat, Wiltshire, Marquis of Bath v 35 
Lonsdale, Earl of, Loiother Castle, West- 
moreland . . . . ii 65 
Loudoun, Earl of, Willesley Hall, 

Leicestershire . . vi 7 
Lowther Castle, Westmoreland, Earl of 

Lonsdale . . . . ii 65 

Lucy, Charlecote, Warwickshire . i 61 
Lumley Castle, Durham, Earl of 

Scarborough . . iv 9 
Macclesfield, Earl of, Shirhurn Castle, 

Oxfordshire . . . iii 11 

Macdonald, Rossie Castle, Forfar shire v 73 

Mamhead, Devonshire, Newman, Baronet iii 7 
Manchester, Duke of, Kimlolton Castle, 

Huntingdonshire . . . iii 51 
Manners- Sutton, Kelham Hall, Notting- 
hamshire . . . . iv 43 
Mansfield, Earl of, Scone Palace, Perthshire i 83 
Marlborough, Duke of, Blenheim, Oxford- 
shire ..... i 79 
Morton, Capernwray, Lancashire . iv 15 
Meer Hall, Worcestershire, Bearcroft vi 15 
Melbury House, Dorsetshire, Earl of 

Ilchester . ii 29 

Melton Constable, Norfolk, Lord Hastings vi 73 

Merevale Hall, Warwickshire, Dugdale iii 59 
Mersham-le-Hatch, Kent, Knatchbull, 

Baronet . . . . v 45 
Methuen, Lord, Corsham Court, Wiltshire ii 69 
Meyncll-Ingram, Temple Newsam, Yorkshire i 71 
Middleton, Lord, Wollaton Hall, Notting- 
hamshire . . . . i 73 
Midleton, Viscount, Peper Harow, Surrey iv 13 
Milton Abbey, Dorsetshire, Harnbro (Baron) ii 23 
Mordaunt, Baronet, Walton Hall, War- 
wickshire . . . . iv 53 
Moreton Hall, Cheshire, Ackers . iii G9 



86 



INDEX. 



Vol. Page. 

Mosley, Baronet, Rolleston Hall, Staffordsh. iv 7 
Mount Edgcumbe, Cornwall, Lord 

Mount Edgeumbe . . ii 57 

Mount Edgcumle, Lord, Mount Edgcumbe, 

Cornwall . . . . ii 57 
Mowlray and Stourton, Lord, Stourton, 

Yorkshire . . . . ii 27 
Mulgrave Castle, Yorkshire, Marquis 

of Normanby . . . ii 1 1 

Muncaster Castle, Cumberland, Lord 

Muncaster . . . . iii 17 
Muncaster, Lord, Muncaster Castle, 

Cumberland . . iii 17 

Murray, Baronet, Philiphmigh, Selkirkshire ui 65 
Musgrave, Baronet, Eden Hall, Cumberland ii 63 
Nelson, Earl, Trafalgar Home, Wiltshire iii 23 
I^etherhall, Pocklington-Senhouse, Cum- 
berland . . vi 23 
Nether Hall, Suffolk, Greene . . iv 57 
Newcastle, Duke of, Clumber Park, 

Nottinghamshire . . . ii 79 
Neivdegite, Arbury Hall, Warwickshire iii 41 
Newman, Baronet, Mamhead, Devonshire iii 7 
Newstead Abbey, Nottinghamshire, Webb i 77 
Norfolk, Duke of, Antndel Castle, Sussex iv 1 
Normanby, Marquis of, Mulgrave Castle, 

Yorkshire .... 
Normanhurst, Sussex, Brassey . 
North, Baroness, Kirttiny Tower, Cam- 
bridgeshire .... 
Northcote, Baronet, Pynes, Devonshire 
Northumberland, Duke of, Alnwick Castle, 

Northumberland 

North, Wroxton Ahhei/, Oxfordshire . 
Nostel Priory, Yorkshire, "VVinn 
Nuneham Park, Oxfordsliirc, Haroourt 
Oranmore and Broirne, Lord, Castle 

Macgarri'tt, M/n/o . 
Orpen, ( Knight J, Ardtulli/, Kerry 
Oxley Manor, Staffordshire, Staveley-Hill iv 
Panshanger Park, Herts., Earl Cowper ii 
Pease, Hutton Hall, Yorkshire . . iii 
Peckforton Castle, Cheshire, Baron 

Tollemache .... 
Pembroke and Montgomery, Earl of, 

Wilton House, Wiltshire 
Penrhyn Castle, Carnarvonshire, Lord 
Penrhyn .... 



11 
vi 



iv 

vi 



11 
51 

47 
27 

1 

43 
63 
81 

71 
19 
55 
53 
15 



iv 65 
i 9 

ii 59 



vi 

ii 



I'agl. 

59 

69 
13 
57 
53 
65 
21 
21 



Penrhyn, Lord, Penrhyn Castle, Carnar- 

vonshire ... . . ii 

Penshurst Castle, Kent, Lord De L'Isle 

and Dudley . . . . iv 
Peper Harow, Surrey, Viscount Midleton iv 
Peploe, Garnstone, Herefordshire . i 
Percy, Guy's Cli/e, Warwickshire i 

Philiphaugh, Selkirkshire, Murray, Baronet iii 
Phillips, Picton Castle, Pembrokeshire i 

Picton Castle, Pembrokeshire, Phillips i 

Pocklington- Senhouse, Netherhall, Cum- 

berland . . . . vi 23 

Portsmouth, Earl of, Eggesford House, 

Devonshire . . . . vi 17 
Power, Franks, Kent . . . i 47 

Powerscourt, Viscount, Powerscourt, 

Wicklow . . . . iii 31 
Powerscourt, Wicklow, Viscount 

Powerscourt . . . iii 31 

Powis Castle, Montgomeryshire, Earl of 

Powis . . . . . vi 59 
Poivis, Earl of, Powis Castle, Montgomery vi 59 
Preston Hall, Kent, Brassey . . iii 75 
Pynes, Devonshire, Northcote, Baronet vi 27 
Raby Castle, Durham, Duke of Cleveland ii 15 
Ravensworth Castle, Durham, Earl of 

Ravensworth . . . v 17 

Ravensworth, Earl of, Ravensworth Castle, 

Durham . . . . v 17 

Khydd Court,, Worcestershire, Lechmere, 

Baronet . . . . v 23 

Piiplcy Castle, Yorkshire, Ingilby, Baronet i 63 
Ripon, Marquis of, StudJe;/ llo>/al, Yorkshire v 41 
Robartes, Lord, Lanhydrock, Curmrall v 39 

Rochester, Bishop of, Danlury Palace, Essex ii 77 
Rolle, Stevenstone I'ark, Devonshire . vi 21 
Rolleston Hall, Staffordshire, Mosley, 

Baronet . . . iv 7 

Rosse, Earl of, Birr Castle, King's County iii 39 
Rossie Castle, Forfarehire, Macdonald v 73 

Rossmorc, Lord, Rossmore Park, Monaghan iii 03 
Rossmore Park, Monaglmn, Lord Rossmore iii 63 
Roxlurghe, Duke of, Floors Castle, Rox- 

burghshire . . . . i 35 
Royal Private Residence, The, Balmoral 

Castle, Aberdeenshire . . i 91 

Royal Residence, The, Windsor Castle, 

Berkshire i 1 



INDEX. 



Vol. Page. 

Rushout, Baronet, Sezincot, Gloucestershire iii 49 
Rushton Hall, Northamptonshire^ Clarke- 

Thornhill . iv 11 

Rutland, Duke of, Belvoir Castle, Leices- 
tershire . . . . ii 5 
Sackville, Lord, Knole, Kent . . vi 69 
Salisbury, Marquis of, Hatfield House, 

Hertfordshire ii 7 

Sandbeck Park, Yorkshire, Earl of 

Scarborough . . . . v 15 
Sandringham, Norfolk, H.R.H. The 

Prince of "Wales . . iii 1 

Saye and Sele, Lord, Broughton Castle, 

Oxfordshire . . . . iii 25 
Scarborough, Earl of, Lumleij Castle, 

Durham . . . iv 9 

Scarborough, Earl of, Sandbeck Park, 

Yorkshire . . . . v 15 
Scone Palace, Perthshire, Earl of Mansfield i 83 
Scott, Abbotsford, Roxburghshire . v 31 
Scott-Murray, Danesfield House, Bucking- 
hamshire . . . . v 77 
Sezincot, Gloucestershire, llushout, Baronet iii 49 
Shelton Abbey, Wicklow, Earl of Wicklow iv 61 
Shirburn Castle, Oxfordshire, Earl of 

Macclesfield . . . . iii 11 
Shrewsbury and Talbot, Earl of, Alton 

Towers, Staffordshire . . i 67 
Skelmersdale, Lord, Latham House, Lan- 
cashire . . . , . v 53 
Smith-Marriott, Baronet, The Down 

House, Dorsetshire . . . v 55 
Smyth-Pigott, Brockley Hall, Gloucester- 
shire . . . . . vi 75 
Sneijd, Ashcombe Park, Staffordshire . iv 75 
Sneyd, Keele Hall, Staffordshire . iii 9 
Somerleyton, Suffolk, Crossley, Baronet iv 71 
Somers, Earl, Eastnor Castle, Herefordshire iv 33 
St. Allans, Duke of, Bestivood Lodge, 

Nottinghamshire . . . iii 61 
Stanhope, Baronet, Holme Lacy, Here- 
fordshire . . . . i 27 
St. Aubyn, Baronet, St. Michael's Mount, 

Cornwall . . . iii 79 

Staveley-Hill, Oxley Manor, Staffordshire iv 55 
Stevenstone Park, Devonshire, Rolle vi 21 

St. Michael's Mount, Cornwall, St. Aubyn, 

Baronet . . . . iii 79 



Vol. 



Stourton, Yorkshire, Lord Mowbray and 

StourtBn ii 

Stowe Park, Buckinghamshire, Duke and 

Marquis of Buckingham and Chandos ii 

Stowlangtoft Hall, Suffolk, Wilson . iii 

Strathmore, Earl of, Glamis Castle, 

Forfarshire . . . . \ 

Studley Castle, Warwickshire, Walker iii 

Studley Royal, Yorkshire, Marquis of 

Ripon ..... v 

Sudeley Castle, Gloucestershire, Dent i 

Sudeley, Lord, Toddington Park, Glouces- 
tershire .... v 

Swffield, Lord, Gunton Park, Norfolk iv 

Sundorne Castle, Shropshire, Corbet- 

Pigott ... vi 

Sutherland, Duke of, Dunrobin Castle, 

Sutherlandsliire ii 

Sutherland, Duke of, Trentham Hall, 

Staffordshire . . . i 

Swithland Hall, Leicestershire, Earl of 

Lanesborough ii 

Sykes, Brantingham Thorpe, Yorkshire iii 

Tankerville, Earl of, Cliillingham Castle, 

Northumberland . vi 

Taymouth Castle, Perthshire, Earl of 

Breadalbane ii 

Temple Newsam, Yorkshire, Meynell- 

Ingram i 

The Down House, Dorsetshire, Smith- 
Marriott, Baronet v 

Thicket Priory, Yorkshire, Dunnington- 

Jcfl'erson . . . vi 

Throckmorton, Baronet, Cougltton Court, 

Warwickshire . . .iii 

Thrybergh Park, Yorkshire, Fullerton i 

Toddington Park, Gloucestershire, Lord 

Sudeley v 

Tollemache, Baron, Helmingham Hall, 

Suffolk . . .iii 

Tollemache, Baron, Peckforton Castle, 

Cheshire . . . . iv 

Trafalgar House, Wiltshire, Earl Nelson iii 

Tregothnan, Cornwall, Viscount Ealmouth v 

Trentham Hall, Staffordshire, Duko of 

Sutherland i 

Tufton, Baronet, Appleby Castle, West- 
moreland . . . . iv 



87 

Page. 
27 
41 

27 

21 
33 

41 
15 

69 
59 

39 
49 
59 

37 
19 

33 
31 
71 
55 

37 

45 
33 

69 
21 

65 
23 

29 

59 
41 



88 



INDEX. 



Vol. 



Tyttcnhangcr Park, Hertfordshire, 

Countess of Caledon . 
Ugbrooke, Devonshire, Lord Clifford . 
"Cnderley Hall, Westmoreland, Earl of 

Bective . . . . 

Upton, Levens Hall, Westmoreland . 
Vane, Baronet, Hutton-in-tlie- Forest, 

Cumberland . . . . 
Fernon, Hanlury Hall, Worcestershire 
Wales, H.BH. The Prince of, 

Sandringham, Norfolk . . 
Walker, Studley Castle, Warwickshire 
Walter, Bearwood, Berkshire . . 
Walton Hall, Warwickshire, Mordaunt, 

Baronet . . . . 

Warter Priory, Yorkshire, Wilson . 
Warwick Castle, Warwickshire, Earl 

of Warwick . . . . 
Warwick, Earl of, Warwick Castle, 

Warwickshire .$ . . 

Waterford, Marchioness of, High Cliffe, 

Hampshire . . 
Webb, Newstead Alley, Nottinghamshire 
Wentworth Woodhousc, Yorkshire, Earl 

Fitzwilliam . ... 

Westminster, Duke of, Cliveden, Bucks. 
Westminster, Duke of, Eaton Hall, Cheshire 
Westonhirt House, Gloucestershire, Holford 
Westwood Park, Worcestershire, Lord 

Hampton . 

West Wycomhe House, Buckinghamshire, 

Dashwood, Baronet . . 

Whitley Court, Worcestershire. Earl of 

Dudley .... 

Wickloiv, Earl of, Khclton Alley, Wicklow 
Willesley Hall, Leicestershire, Earl of 

Loudoun . . . 
Williams- Wynn, Baronet, Wynnstay, 

Denbighshire . . . 



iv 
ii 

iv 
vi 

vi 
v 

iii 
iii 
vi 

iv 
vi 



Willoughhy de Broke, Lord, Compton 
67 Verncy, Warwickshire . iii 3 

67 Willyams, Carnanton, Cornwall . iv 25 

Wilson, Baronet, Eshton Hall, Yorkshire iii 35 
73 Wilson, Stowlangtoft Hall, Suffolk . iii 27 
4S Wilson, Warter Priory, Yorkshire . vi 67 

Wilton, Earl of, Heaton Park, Lancashire iv -21 
11 Wilton House, Wiltshire, Earl of 
65 Pembroke and Montgomery . i 9 

Wimpole Hall, Cambridgeshire, Earl of 
1 Hardwicke . . . ii 71 

33 Windsor Castle, Berkshire, The Royal 
29 Residence . . . i 1 

Winn, Nostel Priory, Yorkshire . v 63 

53 Witchingham Hall, Norfolk, Viscount 
67 Canterbury . . . . iv 77 

Woburn Abbey, Bedfordshire, Duke of 
43 Bedford .... ii 13 

Wollaton Hall, Nottinghamshire, Lord 
43 Middleton .... i 73 

Wolseley, Baronet, Wolseley Hall, 

75 Staffordshire . . . iii 55 

77 Wolseley Hall, Staffordshire, Wolseley, 

Baronet . . . . iii 55 

23 Workington- Hall, Cumberland, Curwen v 57 
13 Worsley Hall, Lancashire, Earl of 
31 Ellesmere . . . . ii 35 

53 Wroxton Abbey, Oxfordshire, North iii 43 

Wycombe Abbey, Buckinghamshire, Lord 
67 Carrington . . . vi 5 

Wykeham-Martin, Leeds Castle, Kent ii 45 

43 Wynnstay, Denbighshire, Williams -Wynn, 

Baronet . . . . iii 67 

85 Wynyard Park, Durham, Marquis of 
61 Londonderry . . .iii 13 

Wythatn Abbey, Oxfordshire, Earl of 
vi 7 Abingdon . . . . ii 61 

Wyvill, Denton Park, Yorkshire . v 33 

iii 67 Zetland, Earl of, Aske Hall, Yorkshire \ 25 






B. FAWCKTT. ENGRAVER AND PRIKTER, DIUFFIKLD.